The buildings

Pear Memory Zhegalov: grow a variety with fragrant fruits

The new pear variety is named after the famous scientist-breeder of the Timiryazev Academy, Sergei Ivanovich Zhegalov. Fruit tree created for the central regions of Russia. Its value is in precociousness, poorness of juicy fruits, resistance to scab.

It is believed that a sweet, expiring pear can be tasted only in the southern regions of the country. Gentle pulp does not like a long road, and you need to eat it on the spot. But it’s realistic to grow fruits with excellent taste in central Russia, if you select a zoned variety, for example, Zhigalov’s Memory.

The gift of the breeder Sergey Chizhov to the Central Region - the Memory of Zhegalov variety - has been included in the register and has been recommended for industrial cultivation since 1990.

Pear Memory Zhigalov grows rapidly, for 3-4 years after planting gives the first harvest

The pear is low, the bark is painted in gray shades. Formation of the crown is easy, as the branches are not prone to lateral overgrowing.

The leaf is dark green, leathery. The buds are racemes, collected in a shield, consisting of 5-7 flowers. Petals and buds of white color with honey aroma. However, a fruitful pollinator and bees will be required for fruit set. Productivity depends on weather conditions during the flowering of the tree.

Fruits weighing 120-130 g, elongated, removed in September. The pear gets a pleasant taste after ripening for several days in a cool place.

The fruitfulness of the fruit is good, in storehouses with a cool temperature, they lie up to 4 months, without losing taste and presentation.

Pears Memory Memory Zhegalov juicy and sweet fruit

Fruits are yellowish-green, by the end of storage they become yellow with a blush. The yield of one adult tree is 40–42 kg. Fruiting annual. The best pollinators are pear varieties:

  • Moscow Bergamot,
  • Favorite Yakovlev.

Evaluation of fruits by standards:

  • appearance - 4.3 points out of 5,
  • taste 4.0–4.4 points out of 5,
  • the pulp is whitish-yellow, juicy,
  • composition - sugar - 9.3%, acids - 0.41% (soluble - 14.2%, dry - 16.5%).

Preparing for landing

The soil for the planting pit is prepared in the fall. Contribute:

The earth is deeply dug up.

When planting the root neck can not be buried

A landing pit under a tree is prepared in advance. For this:

  1. Dig a hole 60–70 cm in diameter, 1 m deep.
  2. The fertile soil layer is laid, add 2 buckets of fresh humus, the same amount of sand and 200 g of superphosphate. The composition is mixed and covered with a film.
  3. In the pit poured a bucket of water and put 400 g of fluff.
  4. A stake is driven into the center of the hole to which the seedling will be tied in the future.

After 10 days, start planting pears. The steps of the procedure are as follows:

  1. A sapling is placed in the center of the pit and the voids are filled up with a nutrient substrate.
  2. The root neck when planting a young tree is not deepened. After landing, it should protrude 6–7 cm above the kidney.
  3. For irrigation around the perimeter of the hole, they arrange an earth mound and pour 2–3 buckets of water into the resulting “saucer”.
  4. Pristvolny circle mulch to the surface did not form a crust.

Description pear varieties Memory Zhegalov

It is believed that a sweet, expiring pear can be tasted only in the southern regions of the country. Gentle pulp does not like a long road, and you need to eat it on the spot. But it’s realistic to grow fruits with excellent taste in central Russia, if you select a zoned variety, for example, Zhigalov’s Memory.

The gift of the breeder Sergey Chizhov to the Central Region - the Memory of Zhegalov variety - has been included in the register and has been recommended for industrial cultivation since 1990.

The pear is low, the bark is painted in gray shades.Formation of the crown is easy, as the branches are not prone to lateral overgrowing.

The leaf is dark green, leathery. The buds are racemes, collected in a shield, consisting of 5-7 flowers. Petals and buds of white color with honey aroma. However, a fruitful pollinator and bees will be required for fruit set. Productivity depends on weather conditions during the flowering of the tree.

Fruits weighing 120-130 g, elongated, removed in September. The pear gets a pleasant taste after ripening for several days in a cool place.

The fruitfulness of the fruit is good, in storehouses with a cool temperature, they lie up to 4 months, without losing taste and presentation.

Fruits are yellowish-green, by the end of storage they become yellow with a blush. The yield of one adult tree is 40–42 kg. Fruiting annual. The best pollinators are pear varieties:

  • Moscow Bergamot,
  • Favorite Yakovlev.

Evaluation of fruits by standards:

  • appearance - 4.3 points out of 5,
  • taste 4.0–4.4 points out of 5,
  • the pulp is whitish-yellow, juicy,
  • composition - sugar - 9.3%, acids - 0.41% (soluble - 14.2%, dry - 16.5%).

Harvesting

Pear varieties Memory Zhegalov late. Crop is not showered, kept on the branches, even with gusts of wind. But the third decade of September is the end of the warm period in the central regions.

Therefore, the crop should be removed and sent for ripening. At first, the fruits are tart, they acquire aroma and juiciness during storage.

Product transportability is good, implementation period is about 4 months.

Fruits with excellent taste and aroma - thanks for good care

You can 4 months to feast on fresh vitamin products, as well as make blanks. Storage at temperatures close to 0 ºC will prolong the safety of fresh fruit.

Features pear Memory Zhegalov

Thanks to the work of breeders today, a large number of pear varieties have been developed, taking into account their adaptation to certain geographic latitudes. So, one of the most popular varieties is the Memory of Zhegalov.

He was bred in the Moscow Agricultural Academy - crossed "Olga" and "Forest Beauty". Its authors are Potapov S.P. and Chizhov S.T. It received its name in honor of the famous breeder S. Zhegalov.

A description of all the characteristics of this type of pear and features of its care will be discussed below.

Fruits of the Memory variety Zhegalov ripened

Variety and short description

The tree itself and its description is characterized as medium tall, very rarely mature trees reach heights above average. The color of the bark of the trunk is usually gray or light gray.

The crown of the tree at the stage of maturation is formed in a funnel-like form, gradually reaching an oval-round shape. The crown has an average density and is represented by skeletal branches located almost vertically to the trunk with a slight inclination.

The density of the branches is relatively rare, but the branches are densely leafy.

The ability to create new shoots is quite low. The shoots themselves have a slightly curved shape and are colored brown. The buds are formed early with a slight slope from the branch and have the shape of a cone.

Tree of Memory Zhegalov age of 7 years

The leaves are oval or slightly elongated, medium size. Presented in dark green with medium petioles. When tactile inspection sheet plate is fairly smooth, without downy coating, serrate on the edge. The central vein has a curved appearance.

Inflorescences are formed in the form of a scab-brush with 5-6 flowers of white color. Flowers are cupped in shape.

Fruit Description

Pear Description Memory of Zhegalov says that fruits on a tree grow on average, weighing 120-130 grams, but some fruits can reach up to 200 grams. The color of the fruit is yellow-green with a slight rust. After ripening, the fruits get a red blush.

The shape of a pear is egg-shaped or twofold-conical.The skin is marked by smoothness and subtlety, its surface is glossy with a slight lubricity. The stem has an average thickness and length. The shape of the core is oval, presented in a small size. Seed color - dark brown, not very large.

One fruit has about 5-10 pits.

Fruits of the variety in the process of ripening

The flesh of the pear is white, sometimes yellowish. It has a delicate and juicy texture.

It tastes sweet and sour with a slightly tart flavor. The structure of the fetus is medium-grained. The appearance of the fruit is estimated at 4.3 points on a 5-point scale, and taste - 4.2 points. This variety has a universal purpose. That is, it is used not only fresh, but also processed, as raw material for different types of jam, compotes, and baby purees.

Color varieties P. Zhegalov

Pear Memory Zhegalov fast fruitful. The first fruits ripen in 3-4 years from the moment of planting the seedling. The yield is high, on average from one tree it is 40 kg per season, and from one hectare - up to 122 centners. This variety is characterized by a low rate of crumbling.

Fruit ripening occurs around the second half of September. Harvest time is determined by the color of the seed - white means that pears need another 5-7 days for final maturation. After harvesting, pears are stored in a room with a cool temperature of not more than 25-30 days.

Provided that when the temperature is 0 degrees, the fruits are 100-120 days, somewhere until mid-January.

The yield of the variety is very high - branch support is required

Pear variety Memory Zhegalov is very resistant to frost, characterized by good transportability, as well as tolerance of extreme weather conditions.

The most preferred time of year for planting seedlings Memory Zhegalov is autumn. Since the subsequent cold weather will serve as an excellent hardening for a young tree, and in the next season it will be more active in growth. But, this rule is valid only for the Middle Band. In the northern areas it is recommended to plant seedlings in the spring.

Place for planting must meet the well-known requirements for planting all pear tree species:

  • good sunshine
  • lack of drafts,
  • good heating area,
  • groundwater depth should be less than 1 meter,
  • recommended soil: chernozem, loam, sandy loam or their mixture.

Saplings are best purchased from the nursery

It is recommended to dig a hole for planting pear seedlings not before planting, but in advance. So, if planting is scheduled for the fall, then it is advisable to dig a ditch at least two to three weeks, and prepare for the fall before spring planting. The size of the pit should allow the roots of the tree to freely accommodate it. On average, its width should be 60-70 cm, and the depth - 1 meter.

In the next step, prepare the soil for sleeping the rhizomes. Ideal soil should consist of extracted soil when digging a hole, two buckets of sand with humus and one cup of superphosphate. It is recommended to pour 2 cups of lime-fluff diluted with a bucket of water into the pit before landing.

As an additional measure, before planting, dig a wooden stake in the center of the pit in order to attach a seedling to it. This will help protect the young tree from breakage in strong winds.

Planting a pear, make sure that the root neck protrudes 6-7 cm above the ground. It is very important! If, after watering, the land has precipitated, the seedling should be transplanted in accordance with the above requirements. Then form a protective shaft of 90 cm in diameter from the ground around the trunk.

Proper planting pear seedling

After planting, pour the tree with 2-3 buckets of water and make mulching. Mulching is the loosening of the ground with sawdust, dry leaves, dried humus.

The young pear needs regular and abundant watering.In order to avoid oxygen starvation of the tree, loosen the soil after each watering. A tree that already bears fruit, undemanding to frequent watering. On average, for the season, the amount of necessary irrigation is reduced to three or four, but on condition that the summer is not dry.

Peel the weeds from the weeds, this will avoid the presence of unnecessary pests on the trunk.

Aphids on pears reduces yields

Young trees often suffer from the attack on aphids. Therefore, you need to constantly monitor its absence. If the aphid still appeared, then collect it manually or process the tree with the help of special tools.

Regularly make mineral and organic fertilizer. Spend timely pruning of dry and excess branches.

Pear Zhegalov during its existence has proved itself very well and fell in love with many gardeners. After all, with proper care, she will always thank you incredibly fragrant and tasty fruits.

Pear Memory Zhegalov - description and photo of the variety, how to plant, video

Pear Memory of Zhegalov, the description and photo of which you can study in this article, got its name in honor of the famous geneticist S. I. Zhegalov. It is skoroplodna and well suited for growing in the open spaces of our country. This is a late autumn variety, which the breeders bred by crossing the varieties Olga and Lesnaya Beauty.

General description and characteristics of the fruit

The pear variety Memory of Zhegalov is in demand among summer residents because of good winter hardiness and ability to produce crops already 3 years after planting.

Fruits are larger compared with other skoroplodnymi varieties (for example, Chizhovskaya or Yakovlev Memory).

On average, pears weigh about 130 g, however, there are cases when fruits of more than 200 g were harvested in nurseries when using professional equipment.

There is a good yield of the variety. One tree brings up to 40 kg of fruit.

The peel of a ripe fruit is yellowish-green, glossy. The flesh is sweet and sour and juicy, the grain is average. The fruit has a characteristic pronounced flavor.

The crown of the tree is rare, has good foliage, while easy to maintain. Skeletal branches have gray bark and depart from the trunk at an angle of about 45 degrees, tending to the vertical.

The tree bears fruit in late autumn. According to the reviews, the pear in memory of Zhegalov is fairly resistant to scab. Thus, we can distinguish 3 main advantages of the variety:

  • precociousness
  • winter hardiness
  • disease resistance.

Landing process

If you already have experience in growing other varieties of pears, then plant a variety of Memory Zhegalov for you is not difficult. Choose a sunny place on the site, protected from drafts. Also make sure that the groundwater does not pass close to the surface.

When planning a place for planting, remember that the pear in memory of Zhegalov is self-productive, therefore, planting of pollinators will be needed additionally.

The three-year pear in memory of Zhegalov is already bearing fruit. How to plant it, and what period is most favorable for this, we will tell further.

The ideal soil will be a mixture of loam and black soil. In the middle lane, the tree is mainly planted in the second half of spring, between the end of April and May. In the southern areas, landing is often carried out in the fall.

If you are planning a spring planting, the pit should be dug in the fall, and the ground should be kept until spring. Shortly before the landing, mix the spring fertile soil with organic fertilizers and a glass of superphosphate. This composition, we will fall asleep sapling.

If you added lime, then the landing should be postponed for 10 days.

Install a peg or pole that will support a loose tree. Then plant a sapling, tie it to a support and pour it with the prepared mixture.

After that, pour abundantly in three buckets of water and grumble the stem. For this, dry peat or sawdust is well suited.

Pear care

Regularly update the layer of mulch around the trunk and weed the weeds that punch through it. The soil should be well hydrated. Young green leaves are the favorite delicacy of aphids, so special attention should be paid to ridding the tree of this pest.

When the pear grows up, the need for frequent watering will disappear. It will be optimal to carry out the procedure 4 times per season.

If the weather is dry and hot, the frequency of watering will have to be increased up to two times a week.

Do not forget also about manure fertilization (2 kg per year). Due to its composition, it is able to neutralize harmful substances that have accumulated in the soil as a result of spraying the tree with chemicals against pests. In the spring, it is also recommended to add 500 g of urea to improve the vegetative function of the pear after hibernation.

Trimming requirements

Skeletal branches of young pears are pruned immediately after planting, determining their shape and forming the crown. Pruning of an adult tree should be carried out in the spring. Sanitary pruning is best done in the fall, when the pear drops leaves. You can easily find damaged, dry or diseased branches and remove them.

When spring pruning, note the temperature of the air. It should be no lower than +8 degrees.

How to correctly trim pears in Memory of Zhegalov can be clearly seen in the photo below:

When deciding which sort of pears to plant on your garden plot, weigh all the pros and cons based on the characteristics of your climate and the nature of the soil.

Variety Memory Zhegalov has established itself as a reliable and fruitful fruit tree, which perfectly got accustomed in the regions.

In addition, the fruits are well transported and stored for a long time, so you can both sell them and harvest them for your own needs.

Memory Zhegalov (pear): ripening, description, photo

Pears - very tasty and healthy fruit. They compare favorably with the more common apples sweet taste and exquisite aroma. Usually in gardens the number of pear trees is much less than apple trees.

This is probably due to the fact that a large number of varieties of this tree was created relatively recently. But different varieties of pears are a little similar to each other. Therefore, the more pear trees planted on your site, the better.

One of these is the pear of Memory Zhegalov.

The memory of Zhegalov is a pear created by the Russian breeder S. Chizhov in the 80s of the last century. He crossed the famous Forest Beauty with Olga. In the 90s they passed state tests and were recommended for industrial use. Memory of Zhegalov (pear).

What is valuable memory Zhegalova (pear)? Maturity of its late autumn. The tree is usually short. The bark of the trunk is dark gray. The shape of the crown of a young tree is funnel-shaped, of an adult - round or oval. Skeletal branches grow almost vertically, like most varieties. Their color is light green. The crown is not very thick, it forms quickly.

The number of shoots is small. They are smooth, dark brown, curved, with small convex lentils. The leaves are oval, dark green, hairless, serrated. Stems of medium length. Inflorescences - shields of 5-7 white flowers. Their petals are tight to each other.

Pear memory Zhegalov begins in the third - fourth year after transplanting a tree to a permanent place.

The variety is resistant to frost and temperature changes. Fruits almost not showered. There are reviews of gardeners of the Southern Urals that the variety does not freeze in their climatic zone and is considered reliable.

Requirements for the landing site

To plant a pear Memory Zhegalov need in a quiet, sheltered from the wind place. Groundwater should not come close to the root system of the tree. It should be illuminated as long as possible by the sun.

Pear Memory Zhegalov grows well on the main soils: chernozem, sandy loam, loam. A pair of humus buckets, a glass of superphosphate are brought into the pit.It responds well to the liming of the soil. If it does not contain sand, add a few buckets.

Disembarking

The pit for planting pears is prepared about 1 meter deep. Width - 60-100 cm. It takes at least a week from the moment of preparing the pit to planting the plant. During this time, the soil settles, which allows not to tear off the roots when planting.

After landing at a height of 6 cm, the root neck must be visible. Form pristvolny circle, pouring the roller with a radius of 50 cm. Water is poured over the tree.

Mulch near-stem circle, using for this purpose humus with sawdust or freshly mown grass.

The main care for a pear is regular watering, especially during the first year and during the formation of fruit buds. Weed out weeds. In subsequent years, spend forming and sanitary pruning.

If the harvest is very abundant, pear branches can not withstand the load and break off. To ensure that this does not happen, put a backup for them. Reviews of gardeners recommend installing a high pole near the trunk, from the top of which hang ropes for tying up branches.

Cropping and crown formation

Needs pruning Memory Zhegalov (pear). Reviews the formation of the crown is compared to an apple tree. They indicate that the tree does not like shortening branches. Therefore, the focus should be on removing excess branches that are cut on the ring.

Strong pruning makes fruiting later. Therefore, to do it better after the tree begins to bear fruit. But it is necessary to carefully form the crown from the second year after landing.

The focus is on creating a reliable skeleton, lighting all the branches.

The branches of the pear, which are directed vertically downwards, must be bent and fixed so that they can grow horizontally. At the end of spring they can be fastened with clothespins, closer to autumn they use twine. This will improve the fruiting of the tree.

Memory Zhegalov - pear, which is not affected by the main fungal diseases, including scab. Therefore, it is very much appreciated by amateur gardeners and professionals.

Pears Memory Zhegalov: description and characteristics of the variety

Breeders who work in the countries of the former Soviet Union can be proud of themselves, as they have created a huge number of the most diverse varieties of fruit crops. One of them is a pear Memory of Zheglova. The author of the variety is the breeder Sergey Tikhonovich Chizhov. There is information according to which Chizhov divided authorship with S. P. Potapov.

Chizhov in the 80s last century was engaged in RGAU-Moscow Agricultural Academy. KA Timiryazeva in Moscow by hybridization of varieties of pears Forest Beauty and Olga. The result of their crossing was the Memory of Zheglova.

At the end of the last century, the variety passed state tests and received approval for industrial cultivation. This variety was included in the state register of the Russian Federation in 2001. The variety is suitable for cultivation in the central region of the country.

Description and characteristics

This is a late-autumn variety of pears. Harvesting can be done from the second half of September. Harvested fruit without loss of quality can be stored up to 120 days, provided that the air temperature was at around 0 degrees.

The variety description includes the following list of characteristics:

  • precociousness
  • regular fruiting. One tree can produce up to 40 kg of fruit,
  • slight fall of fruits. When harvesting it is necessary to be guided by the color of the seeds. If their color is white, then full maturation will occur in about a week,
  • cold resistance
  • good immunity
  • resistance to the vagaries of nature
  • self-infertility. Therefore we need pollinators. A bountiful harvest is guaranteed in the event that pollination occurred in the following varieties: Lyubimitsa Yakovleva, Elegant Efimova, Bergamot Moscow, Chizhovskaya, Pava, and Cathedral.

For a better understanding of the characteristics of the variety, it is necessary to know the description of trees and fruits.

Trees of this variety are fast growing. However, they have an average height. Their crown is spreading and rare, but differs by an abundance of leaves. In young plants, the crown has a funnel shape, and in mature plants it is oval-rounded. The bark is gray, and the skeletal branches are light gray. There are sit-downs. Pobedoobrazovanie weak.

The leaves are colored dark green. Their shape is ovoid and slightly elongated. On the edge is serrate serration.

The tree blooms with white flowers. They are medium in size and have a cupped shape. The edges of the petals are solid, and the petals themselves are medium-broken.

Fruits weighing about 130 g can be removed from this pear tree. With proper care and good weather, their weight reaches 200 g. The skin of the fruit is smooth. The pears themselves are obovate. Their color is lemon with a slight greenish tint. Rarely found blush. On a peel numerous small points are visible.

The flesh is white, medium density, sometimes slightly oily. The fruit tastes juicy and very tasty. Fruits contain sugars, acids, soluble and active substances.

Sunflower seeds are small. In one fruit, their number can reach 10 pieces. Pears have a shallow funnel. Fruits are attached to the tree by direct stems, which are of medium length and thickness. Fruits of this variety have a universal purpose.

Features of care and cultivation

For abundant fruiting, the Memory of Zhegalov pear should be grown on soils with an acidity of 6.5–7.2. The best solution would be soils rich in humus. The soil for this variety must meet the following qualities:

  • be fertile
  • have good water capacity.

Therefore, suitable loam, black earth and sandy loam. The groundwater at the site should not be closer to the surface than 2 m. For planting seedlings, a 4x5 m scheme is used. The best time for planting will be early spring or late September.

Watering trees should be the same as for the other varieties of this fruit crop. In spring, pears should be fed with ammonium nitrate, and in autumn - with superphosphate.

Also, trimming must be performed (control, shaping and sanitary). Spraying of trees is carried out periodically.

Fight against diseases and pests

The pear of this grade has very good immunity. Therefore, it is very rarely exposed to fungal diseases. Despite its high resistance, preventative garden treatment is an integral part of seasonal care. Indeed, before such a disease as the brown leaf spot, a tree does not have reliable protection.

As far as parasites are concerned, Zhegalov’s memory often suffers from moths, peppered moths and a pear tree beetle. Therefore, periodically you need to inspect the trees for the appearance of the first signs of insects. At the beginning of the attack, the parasites are always easier to display than when they have already multiplied.

Advantages and disadvantages

Each pear variety has its own description, which always contains such an item as advantages and disadvantages. It is from him and it is worth starting the acquaintance with the variety, because after getting acquainted it becomes clear whether it is worth buying such a seedling at all.

The memory of Zhegalov in the list of his undeniable advantages contains such characteristics as high resistance to scab, as well as precociousness. If the trees are properly monitored, the first harvest can be obtained for 3-4 years after planting the seedling. Other varieties of this fruit crop usually begin to produce the first fruit only for 4–5 year.

The advantages here also include good transportability of fruits. In addition, the harvest is stored without changing their taste characteristics of the order of 100-120 days. Therefore, pears calmly liezhat until February.

Another advantage is that when ripe, the fruit is almost not showered. Therefore, it is possible to preserve almost the entire crop in good quality.Trees tolerate negative temperatures as well as changeable climatic conditions.

The main disadvantage of the variety is the need for a number of pollinating trees. This is due to the self-infertility of the pear.

Variety pears Memory Zhegalov has many advantages against the background of minor flaws. Simple tree care will allow any gardener to get a bountiful and tasty fruit harvest.

Pollinators and care

The described variety has a feature that must be taken into account - it is completely self-fruitless, and the selection of pollinators must be approached seriously. The best are the Bergamot of Moscow, the favorite of Yakovlev, the Marble, the Elegant Efimova.

Pollinating pears is impossible without bees that do not fly in cloudy, overcast weather. Therefore, experienced gardeners are trying to bring the flowers with pollen of another variety as close as possible. With a lack of space, this can be done by growing the so-called “tree-garden”. Such a multisort plant is obtained by grafting on one shtamba of several forms.

In memory of Zhegalov, gardeners are pleased with their stability. Trees successfully resist winter frost and causative agents of major fungal diseases, such as scab. Therefore, two eradicating preventive sprays per year in most cases is sufficient.

Landing features

For planting pears choose a sunny location with a low groundwater table. Because of the pivotal root system, trees cannot stand their close standing. A hole is dug in advance, its size is optimal 1.0 by 0.7 meters. In this case, there is much to lay the nutrient mixture of fertile soil and fertilizer, which "feeds" the plant in the early years.

For a young plant caring especially carefully. Required frequent watering in loosening and mulching, regular preventive spraying from diseases and pests, and formative pruning.

In the future, the garden also needs attention.

In the spring, trees are fed with nitrogen compounds, closer to flowering and at the stage of ovaries, potash compounds make up the bulk, and superphosphate stimulates root growth, it is used in the fall.

In memory of Zhegalov has a lot of fans among fans of pears. This variety is convenient in cultivation and storage. Gardeners of Moscow, Tula, Bryansk and adjacent regions rated him more than others. The main advantages of the form, according to reviews, are juicy fruits with an interesting, refreshing taste and resistance to adverse environmental factors.

Pear Memory Zhegalov - detailed characteristics of the variety

Pear - southern culture, the cultivation of which in a harsh climate is a very laborious process. This problem was solved by breeders by presenting cultivars with a high threshold of winter-resistance to gardeners.

Pear Memory Zhegalov stands out resistance to the external environment, fungal diseases, precociousness, juicy fragrant fruits. This variety overwinters beautifully in the conditions of Central Russia, and is pleased with stable fruiting.

In the article you will find material on varietal features, the intricacies of planting and caring for a tree.

Description of the cultivar

On the basis of the Moscow Agricultural Academy named after Timiryazev, many varieties of fruit crops have been developed, including the pear Memory of Zhegalov. The originators of the cultivar are S. T. Chizhov and S. P. Potapov.

The basis of the hybrid is skoroplodny Olga variety with high resistance to scab, frost resistance.

Also donor was the famous Belgian - Forest Beauty, recognized as the most frost-resistant pear with excellent taste.

After testing, Memory of Zhegalov was recommended for industrial cultivation in the Central region of Russia.

The name of the variety was given in honor of the geneticist of the breeder S. I. Zhegalov, who made a great contribution to the selection of cultivated plants.

The memory of Zhegalov is characterized by the formation of trees of average height, which have a fast pace of development. Tree height from 3 to 5 m.The shape of the crown of the seedling is funnel-shaped, but by the time of the ripening of the first full harvest it changes to an oval-rounded.

The bark is covered with gray bark, on the skeletal branches the color of the cover is lighter, the young growths are brown. Because of the curved shoots located at an angle to the shtambu, the crown of the pear Memory of Zhegalov looks quite sparse. Leathery dark green leaves densely cover shoots. The plate is oblong-oval, smooth, with serrate edge.

It is fastened with a petiole of medium length, bent along the central vein. Pear tree you can see in the photo.

Dark brown buds slightly sticking out, conical shape. White flowers are collected in a brush in the form of a shield of 5-7 pieces.

Consider the description of the fruits of the Memory Zhegalov variety:

  • the shape is obovate, without a neck, the sizes are average,
  • weight up to 140 g, but under favorable weather conditions and proper care, the weight can increase to 200 g,
  • the peel is slightly oily, thin. The surface is smooth with a glossy shine and weak rust,
  • peel colored greenish or lemon tones with a lot of subtle dermal freckles. Sunburn is present only under intense light, expressed as a diffuse reddish spot,
  • the fruits are attached with medium-sized stems, there is practically no tendency to fall,
  • the flesh is white or yellowish with a melting texture. the juice is high, there are rare stony cells around the heart,
  • semi-oily structure, sugar content 9.2%,
  • taste characteristics are estimated by the expert committee by 4.2 points, appearance by 4.3 points,
  • sweet taste with a slight sourness and weak tartness, pronounced aroma,
  • fruits are good fresh and for processing,
  • ripening occurs at the end of September, keeping quality in a fruit storage facility for up to 4 months.

The transportability of fruits is rated as average because of the thin skin.

Variety description Memory Zhegalov

Tree medium, 4–5 m, fast-growing, not prone to the formation of a large number of shoots. Crown of conical shape, medium thickness. Skeletal branches are located almost vertically to the trunk, with a slight inclination. Bark of a shtamba and the main branches gray. Curved shoots are colored brown. Buds are formed early, have a conical shape.

Pear Memory Zhegalov received S.T. Chizhov and S.P. Potapov in the Russian State Agrarian University-Moscow Agricultural Academy named after K.A. Timiryazeva by crossing varieties Alyonushka and Forest Beauty, introduced into the State Register in 1990, recommended for the Central region.

The leaves are dark green, leathery, medium-sized, elongated, with slightly serrated edges. Crusiform inflorescences are collected in the shield, consisting of 5-7 white flowers. The stem is thick, straight. The flesh is light yellow or whitish, juicy, melting, oily, sour-sweet, slightly tart, aromatic. Fruits of the correct pear-shaped form, weighing 120 g, maximum 200 g. The color of fruits is greenish or lemon yellow, only well-lit ones have a light blush. Tasting score - 4.2 points.

Choosing a place

Before planting youngsters in the garden, you need to find a place. Pear is a heat-loving plant, therefore it should be planted in a well-lit area, heated by the sun most of the day. Low-lying places are not suitable - cold air can stagnate there, the spring does not melt the snow. Groundwater should not be too close - at least 2 m from the soil level.

You can plant fruit trees near the hedge, shed, fence, but no closer than 3 m - pear does not like shading. In case of insufficient lighting, the foliage may turn yellow and the quality of the fruit deteriorates. The soil should be nutritious, moisture and breathable, clay or sandy areas are not suitable.

In the place of the old uprooted trees, the garden can be broken only after 5 years: it will be more difficult for the young tree to settle down on the depleted soil.

Important! If a rowan grows in the garden, the pear should be planted at a great distance from it.Trees are affected by similar pests, so the neighborhood is contraindicated. Optimally plant a pear near the apple tree.

Enough space should be left between the plants - 4–5 m, so that they do not shade each other in the future.

Landing time

In central Russia, landing is carried out in the fall (until mid-October) or in the spring (late April). April saplings will have time to take root well and grow stronger over the summer. Planted at the end of the season, they may not have time to settle down before the onset of early frosts and die. In the south, planting is best done in the fall: in the spring, early heat can damage a young plant, and warm, wet autumn weather contributes to its better survival.

Plants in containers can be planted throughout the season.

Selection of seedlings

Seedlings should be purchased only in garden centers or nurseries, where they pass the control, have certificates of variety and age. You can also get professional advice on how to plant a tree and care for it. Buy should be zoned varieties brought from the south can die in cold winters.

Plants must be grafted. At the site of vaccination, 10 cm above the root collar, the stem is thickened and slightly curved. It is better to choose 1-2-year-old trees with bark without damage, with developed roots, with no signs of decay. Saplings with a closed root system are removed from the container - an earthen ball should be wrapped with roots and not crumble. You should not take plants older than 3 years in the hope of quickly getting a harvest: they take root for a long time.

The best planting material is usually at the end of the season. Seedlings, purchased in late autumn, drip. In a protected place of the garden, plants are laid in a groove at an inclination, almost horizontally, the roots and a third of the trunk are covered with earth. For protection from rodents, be sure to cover the spruce branches with needles upwards. Dig out seedlings before planting.

At the same time acquire trees and pollinators. Before planting, the roots of the seedling are placed on the day in a solution of Kornevin. The powder can be added to the water when watering the tree or just to powder its roots. A pear tree is shortened by 10 cm long roots, leaves and lateral processes are removed. The result is an escape height of 80 cm without branches.

Site preparation

The place is prepared for spring planting from autumn, and for autumn planting - in August, or at least 2 weeks before disembarking. They dig up the earth, remove the remains of plants and add humus (10 kg / m 2), nitrophoska (100 g) or superphosphate (60 g) with potassium salt (30 g). In acidic soil add 400 g of lime or ash. Pits dig 80 cm wide, 60 cm deep with a spacing of 3-4 m.

Video: how to plant a pear

Proper and regular care will allow you to get higher yields.

In the first year, seedlings are watered once a week - 2 buckets of water per plant. For an adult plant you need 4 buckets. The first time watered before flowering, the second - after. The last watering is carried out before the onset of frost (8 buckets). Water is introduced into the irrigation grooves around the periphery of the crown or using the sprinkling method. After each irrigation, the soil is loosened to enrich the plant with oxygen, mulched with straw or grass to preserve moisture.

Sprinkling method is well suited for watering pears.

Fertilizing pear orchard

The tree is demanding on the nutrient composition of the soil. In the first year, the plants do not fertilize, they are completely lacking in beneficial trace elements introduced into the soil during planting. To stimulate growth every 10–12 days, it is useful to spray the trees with Epin-extra.

Feed them start next season: in the spring before flowering, urea is introduced (30 g 10 l), when fruit ripens - nitrophoska (2 tablespoons 10 l). After entering into fruiting, the amount of fertilizer is increased. After harvesting, they feed the tree with potassium sulfate (30 g) and superphosphate (60 g), and in late autumn - rotted manure (10 kg).Instead of microelements, it is possible to add 10 liters of chicken droppings solution (1:20) during flowering under the tree (400 grams of ash) when setting fruits.

Fertilizer is better not to scatter on the ground, and make a small groove around the perimeter of the crown. Top dressing is mixed with soil in order to prevent the roots from burning, sprinkled with a layer of earth on top. Every 4 years, 400 g of lime is added to reduce the acidity. Pear responds well to foliar dressing. In early April, the crown is sprayed with a nutrient solution (20 g of urea / 10 l).

To enrich the soil with useful substances, clover, lupine, mustard, and rapeseed are sown between the rows. Green mass, mown and plowed under the winter, will turn into a useful top dressing replacing manure by spring.

Table: Diseases and pests characteristic of pear Memory Zhegalov

  1. Mineral oil emulsion (Preparation-30): 300–400 g per 10 l of water.
  2. Bordeaux mixture of 3% (300 g of copper sulphate, 400 g of lime per 10 liters of water).
  1. Against the weevil: 300 g of tobacco chips crush 10 liters of water and insist 3 days, strain and use.
  2. Against sucker: fumigation with tobacco smoke.
  1. Coniferous decoction: 2 kg of needles for 8 liters of water - insist 7 days, strain, dilute with water 10 times. Use 3-4 times with an interval of a week.
  2. Burdock infusion - 1/3 buckets of crushed leaves of burdock pour 2/3 buckets of water, insist 3 days. Used in the same way as coniferous broth.

Gardeners reviews

Pear is 12 years old - Memory of Zhegalov (from the Moscow Agricultural Academy). The tree is very fast-growing, strong. But my question is that it should produce fruits of 110–120 grams (according to the reference book), and I grow to 200 or more grams. What could confuse a grade? The photo from TSHA is the same as that of my fruit. Two years ago, she was so overloaded with the harvest and had to put a lot of horned supports, 20 boxes were collected in two layers. They thought that after a year she would no longer bear fruit, she again started bearing fruit after a severe winter, but gave small fruits (up to 90 grams). What a changeable nature of the fruit!

Charlie 83

http://forum.prihoz.ru/viewtopic.php?t=695

Sufficiently productive, winter-hardy variety, with good disease resistance. The variety is late, and the fruits are cut off at the end of September. Plucked fruit should ripen in a bent state. Then they will get a lemon-yellow color.

Vasily Petrovich

http://forumsadovodov.com.ua/viewtopic.php?p=5421

What I liked about this variety is that the fruits can lie until January. After all, there are always enough apples, but I really like pears and I always want them.

Nastasia

http://forumsadovodov.com.ua/viewtopic.php?p=5421

I have Pava to my left of Zhegalov, the Cathedral’s to the right, both summer ones. Pollination is normal, however, the yield is not crazy - average. And there is no need for abundant yield, only the branches break and the fruit becomes shallow ...

Observer

http://dacha.wcb.ru/index.php?showtopic=52589

Pear Memory Zhegalov entered in the State Register, recommended for industrial gardening. The variety is tolerant to fungal diseases, fruitful. Late tasty fruits are well stored.

What kind is it?

Variety pears "Memory Zhegalov" is a typical self-infertile fruit plant. This means that this culture cannot normally fertilize with its own pollen.

For this reason, a gardener should not use trees of this variety when laying a garden plot. Even despite the particularly warm attitude towards him.

Thus, for efficient pollination of pears in the Memory of Zhegalov pears of other varieties, more precisely, their pollen are required.

The negative point in this case is that for the transfer of pollen from the tree pollinator to the specified variety, certain favorable weather conditions are needed, during which the bees actively fly out.

With prolonged deterioration of the weather, insects remain in their hives, which can have a bad effect on the scale and timing of the ovary.

The described culture also applies to fruit trees with autumn fruit ripening (late autumn variety). According to agrotechnical standards, its pears become ripe and fully ready to be picked. in the third decade of September.

Wherein they have excellent keeping quality - they can be stored without losing their basic taste qualities from 100 to 120 days, that is, until about January-February.

Breeding history and breeding region

This variety was bred by scientists breeders on the basis of Moscow Agricultural Academy. KA Timiryazev.

"Memorial" the pear is named in honor of the outstanding Russian Soviet scientist-geneticist, professor Sergey Ivanovich Zhegalov (1881-1927).

His persistent works on the basis of the famous "Timiryazevka»The first specialized department of breeding in Russia was created, the methods of mass crossings of vegetables and fruit crops were developed and improved.

To obtain pears "Memory Zhegalov," he used the system of crossing varieties "Forest Beauty ”and“ Olga ”.

In 1990, the variety was included in the state variety test program. Subsequently, a pear variety of Memory of Zhegalov, photo of fruits, description and reviews of which are given below, was recommended for industrial distribution in the Central agricultural region of Russia.

In the Central Region, varieties such as the Noyabrskaya, Marble, Autumn Yakovleva, Larinskaya and Tatyana are successfully grown.

Description varieties Memory Zhegalov

Description of external characteristics that distinguish from other pears, pear variety Memory Zhegalov:

Tree. As a rule, has an average height, tall individuals are less common. The bark of the plant is different gray or dark gray.

Crown, branches. When the specified plant is still young, it forms a crown in the form of a distinct funnel. When a pear reaches the state of full and regular fruiting, its crown acquires a characteristic rounded (usually oval) shape.

The crown is formed from skeletal branches located to the trunk almost vertically, with a slight slope. The density of the treetops is estimated as average or below average (relatively rare).

The bark of the skeletal branches is painted in a light green color. The krone grows to maximum volumes quickly enough.

Shoots. Brown shoots with mid-length internodes are somewhat curved. Their thickness and length are estimated as average. Pubescence on the processes is practically not observed.

Very early on the shoots appear dark brown cone-shaped buds, with a slight deviation from the branch.

On the surface of the shoots in medium quantities are small in size, convex lentils. In general, the tree of the variety “In Memory of Zhegalov” demonstrates a relatively weak side-formation ability.

Leaves. The standard mid-size, medium-thick sheet has an elongated rounded (oval) shape, with a characteristic slight curvature along the central vein. The predominant color of the leaves is dark green.

The surface of the leaf plate, as a rule, is elastic-smooth to the touch, with a characteristic leatheriness. The pubescence on both the upper and the lower side of the leaf is absent. The edges of the leaves are serrate. Leaves are kept on the branch by means of mid-long petioles.

Inflorescences Formed in the form of a scabrous brush on average of 5-7 flowers. For each flower cupped silhouette characterized by medium size. The white petals have solid edges, while they are quite tightly closed. The buds are also white.

Fruit. They are characterized by average values ​​and average weight from 120 to 130 g. Its shape resembles an egg.

The skin of the fruit is smooth, rather thin, the texture is glossy, sometimes with a weak touch of oiliness.

The dominant color of the fruit is yellow-green, with a faint, somewhat diffuse reddish tinge. There is a slight orzhavnost skin.

Pulp different whitish or light yellow color and abundant juiciness.

Its consistence gentle, with average grain, makes the melting oily feeling in a mouth. Inside the fruit contains from 5 to 10 dark brown sunflower seeds of medium size.

Peduncleon which the pear is held, of medium length and medium thickness. Attractiveness of the appearance of the fruits of the sort "Memory Zhegalov" estimated at 4.3 points (on a 5-point scale).





Specifications

Pears of the variety “Pamyat Zhegalov” are characterized by several features that make them very beneficial for industrial cultivation in large and small gardening farms.

First of all, about the taste conditions. The fruits of this species are very refresh and tone up well, are an excellent vitamin and flavor additive to many complex dishes.

These benefits are achieved by Exquisite sweet taste with accented pleasant sourness. A very elegant aroma of fresh fruit is “superimposed” on a great taste.

Such varieties of pears demonstrate great taste: Rogneda, Krasulya, Lada, Dekabrinka and Ilyinka.

The main chemicals in the fruit are in the following proportions:

History of breeding pear varieties Memory Zhegalov

Breeders of the former Soviet Union have a great reason for pride.

The results of their hard work can be observed in a huge number of varieties of pears and other plants, which with great success spread across the garden plots.

One of the products of horticulture was the pear variety in Memory of Zhegalov, which was bred by a famous breeder - Sergey Tikhonovich Chizhov.

In the 1980s, S. T. Chizhov conducted work on the hybridization of pear varieties such as Olga and Lesnaya Beauty. As a result of selection, the variety Memory of Zhegalov was bred. In the 90s, the variety passed all state tests and was approved for industrial use.

Tree description

Trees of this variety are characterized by a rapid growth rate.. Often the trees are of medium height, but they can also be tall. The crown of the tree is of a spreading type, rather rare, but is characterized by good foliage. The bark of the tree is gray or dark gray. The variety has a rather high yield, for example, almost 40 kilograms of pears can be collected from a single tree. Usually the height of the pear tree in Memory of Zhegalov is 3 meters. The ripening period begins in the second half of September, and if the weather is overcast, with a small number of sunny days, then the ripening may linger and begin in early October. Pears are very well kept on the branches. The difference of the memory of Zhegalov - This is a high marketability and quite good transportability.

Pros and cons varieties

The biggest plus of the Zhegalov memory variety is this is a precocity. Due to the precociousness of the first harvest of pears can be obtained 3-4 years after planting a tree. For comparison: varieties such as Moscow Bergamot and Dobryanka bring the first fruits in 4-5 years, and the February souvenir variety and even more - in 5-6 years.

Another advantage of pear memory Zhegalov is good transportability and shelf life.

The storage life of Zhegalov’s memory variety is 100-120 days, thanks to which you can enjoy fragrant and fresh pulp right up to the beginning of February. Also, the variety is characterized by weak precipitation of fruits, which allows you to save most of the harvest of pears.

The undoubted advantage of the Memory of Zhegalov variety is an excellent winter hardiness, which is complemented by resistance to bad weather conditions.

Of the minuses of the variety, it is possible to single out the pollination of the pear in memory of Zhegalov. The peculiarity of this variety is it is self-infertility (inability to self-pollination, the need for another type of pollinator). Because of this, it is necessary to select a pollinator with special care, such varieties as Pet Yakovleva and Moscow Bergamot are considered the best of them.

Landing dates and site selection

What is the best time for planting seedlings? So, for seedlings with an open root system, planting is carried out in the spring period (from the end of April - until the beginning of May), as well as in the fall (from the end of September - until the end of October).

In the fall, the quality of planting material is much better, and the pear planting in memory of Zhegalov in the autumn creates good conditions for the survival of seedlings and regeneration of roots. But at the same time, unfavorable winter conditions can damage and weaken seedlings.

Planting in the spring, along with regular watering contributes to a good survival of seedlings.

When choosing a site for planting, remember that the pear of Memory of Zhegalov needs to be well lit and protected from the wind. Practically any type of soil is suitable for this variety, except for sandy, gravelly and with a high salt content. Especially well this variety grows on chernozems with neutral reaction and chestnut soils.

EIf acidic soils predominate at the site, then it is necessary to preliminate. Also remember about the inadmissibility of the use of physiologically acidic fertilizers.

Preparatory work before landing

Before you start planting, it is necessary to carry out a preliminary deep digging of the soil. Along with digging, 6-8 kilograms of compost are introduced. It also processes with superphosphate in the amount of 40-60 grams per square meter and potassium salt in the amount of 20-30 grams, respectively. Pear Memory Zhegalova needs a careful fit and care.

Before planting seedlings of Zhegalov’s memory, it is necessary to dig a hole the size of which is slightly larger than the total volume of the seedling’s root system. The soil within a radius of 3 meters should be loose enough to provide the plant with optimal air exchange.

It takes at least a week from preparing the pit to planting the plant. During this period, the soil is sufficiently deposited, which helps prevent the roots from breaking during planting and after it.

Scheme of planting seedlings

Planting patterns are directly dependent on the strength of the variety. So, a strong-growing variety on a seed stock is placed according to the scheme: 6-7 x 4-5 meters, medium height - 4-5 x 3-4 meters. If the pear was grafted on a quince, then the distance between the rows can be reduced to 3-4 meters, and in the row - to 1.5-2 meters.

Planting of prepared seedlings occurs according to the following technology:

  • in the central part of the landing pit a stake is driven in, to which the pear tree that has not yet become stronger will be tied up,
  • during planting, place the pear seedling in such a way that the root neck of the plant rises above the soil level by about 5-6 centimeters,
  • after the roots are covered with soil, the plant must be watered abundantly. If you planted several seedlings, then for watering will need 3 buckets of water for each plant. Provide shading in the first days after planting, as well as mulch the ground in the prestvolnom circle. How mulch will suit different organics - peat or sawdust. This will improve survival and reduce the period of adaptation of the plant in a new place.

Features care pear varieties Memory Zhegalov

In order for a pear to grow and develop properly, it is necessary to take proper care of it. Remember that the seedling should be well (but not very strong) tied to a peg fixing it. Pristvolny circle needs to be cleaned from time to time from weeds and various pests, for which the young tree is an excellent delicacy. Constantly monitor the soil moisture, since the lack of moisture is harmful and can cause the seedling to dry out a few days after planting.

Caring for a young pear tree is almost identical to the care of a sapling.

Often an insect such as a plant louse attempts on a tree. For him, the thin bark of the plant is not a serious obstacle to obtaining food. If aphids are a little, then it can be collected manually, and then destroyed. If aphids are sufficiently large, then treat the place where the pests accumulate with any insecticidal agent.

Prevention and protection against pests and diseases

The variety of the Memory of Zhegalov is rarely affected by phyto-diseases. Nevertheless, in order to protect and treat a plant, it is necessary to know the main signs of diseases and their damaging factors.

Most often the plant affects various types of leaf spot. Bordeaux mixture is ideal for fighting this disease (for its preparation, 300 g of copper sulfate and 400 g of lime are diluted in 10 liters of water). Treat the pear leaves with this preparation and the disease will soon recede.

Among insect pests can be identified as follows:

  • sucker and weevil. To combat them, take 300 g of tobacco chips, pour 10 liters of water and leave for 3 days. After strain the solution and spray the plant 2-3 times with an interval of 10 days,
  • moth and leaf caterpillars. To combat them, the drug "Lepidocide" is suitable. Dilute 50 milliliters of the drug in 10 liters of water and spend 2-3 treatments with an interval of 10-14 days,
  • sawfly and aphid. Prepare coniferous decoction, for this, take 2 kilograms of needles, fill it with 8 liters of water and insist it all for a week. After strain the resulting solution and dilute it with water in the proportion of 1/10. Use 3-4 times with an interval of 7 days,
  • pincers. In the fight against ticks suitable 1% solution of colloidal sulfur. To do this, dissolve the package of the drug in 5 liters of water. Treat them with a plant based on the consumption of 2 liters per sapling and up to 10 liters per adult.

Watering pear

When watering pears in Memory of Zhegalov, remember that an adult pear tree is not demanding to receive moisture. During the season, the pear needs two to four waterings, but on condition that the soil is sufficiently moist naturally.

In dry weather, it is necessary to water the pear at least once a week, and also to mulch pristvolnuyu soil for better preservation of moisture. Before carrying out mulching, carefully soil the soil.

Try to carry out such weeding after each watering in order to prevent the formation of an earthy crust. Such a crust is dangerous in that it prevents the supply of a sufficient amount of moisture and oxygen to the roots of the plant.

Fertilization

The pear tree needs care, which will ensure its good survival and active growth even in the first year of the growing season.

Pear fertilization should be a regular procedure along with watering and loosening the soil.

Fertilizers can be started in the second year of tree growth. Spring and autumn are best for fertilizer application, but periodic feeding can be carried out during the summer period.

For better absorption of fertilizer, make a trench around the pear. The length of such a trench is directly dependent on the amount of fertilizer applied. So, on 1 square. m of soil on average should account for about 9 kg of humus, 25 g of potassium chloride and 15 g of urea. Pour mineral fertilizers mixed with earth in this trench and then organic fertilizers.

Soil mulching

Experienced gardeners recommend avoiding sodding the near-stem circle of a plant.

The soil must be clean and well mulched. It is the mulch that reliably protects the roots of the plant from drying out, and also prevents the appearance of various weeds and maintains an optimal level of moisture.

Also, the mulch is a kind of “pillow” that minimizes the effect of the temperature difference on the plant.

Under natural conditions, the mulch becomes fallen leaves, small branches and dead plant residues. In order to carry out mulching pears, there are 3 main ways:

  • cover the near-wellbore soil with black film or a special covering material,
  • Sprinkle the soil with a variety of organic materials such as peat, sawdust, etc.,
  • cover the soil with a layer of compost.

Basic rules for pruning

Pear pruning is carried out in the second year after planting. Properly done pruning allows you to form a crown so that the tree will give all its strength to ripening fruits, and not for growing unnecessary branches.

Pear pruning is not recommended for one day, as this will only stimulate the active growth of new shoots.As a result, pruning, carried out in one day, will lead to the fact that in a couple of years the shoots will be higher than the tree crown.

The correct procedure for pruning a pear consists of three steps:

  • trimming forming, allowing you to create the right crown,
  • sanitary - carried out before the plant begins the growing season and involves the removal of dried and affected branches,
  • supportive - the main pruning, which is carried out from the beginning of March to the first of April. When it is cut off parts of large branches, so that they are not overloaded with fruits.

Terms of ripening and storage of the crop

The variety of Memory of Zhegalov is late autumn, the period of its full ripeness begins in the third decade of September. Harvesting pears in memory of Zhegalov takes place at the moment of full ripening, since only mature fruits tolerate a long shelf life.

It is a mistake to conclude that pear fruits can ripen after they are removed from the tree.

In fact, this is not true, on the contrary - the unripe pear fruit has a rather limited shelf life.

Ordinary wooden crates are well suited for fruit storage. Put the pears in them in 2-3 layers and sprinkle them with fine wood chips. Paper can be used as packaging material. The yield of pear in memory of Zhegalov is about 40 kilograms per adult tree.

The variety of Memory of Zhegalov will be a truly indispensable plant for residents of areas with cold winters, as well as for those who are looking for a disease-resistant tree with high yields. Thanks to the excellent preservation of the fruit, you can easily enjoy them in the middle of winter, when others can only dream about it.

Characteristics of the tree

The main requirements for cultivation come from the morphological features of the plant. The tree grows rapidly and enters the time of fruiting. Wood is durable and flexible, the branches are not damaged by the weight of the fruit or gusts of wind.

Pollinator varieties

According to experienced gardeners, this tree does not need to be pollinated. However, to improve the taste of the hearth and resistance to diseases, it is worthwhile to plant plants of rocks on the site:

  • Favorite Yakovlev,
  • Chizhovskaya
  • Cathedral,
  • Peahen,
  • Bergamot Moscow.

Tree height

Most often, Zhegalov’s memory trees have average growth rates of about 3.5–4 meters. However, in favorable conditions there are tall plants.

The krone does not differ spreading, has small diameter. The main branches are directed almost vertically upwards.

The crown of young trees resembles a funnel, with age acquires a rounded shape.

There are many foliage, but plants are not prone to thickening.

Lifespan

The lifespan and fruiting of a tree depends on the care, nutritional value of the soil and the regularity of watering. On average, the plant can live for about 70-80 years. Graft on a pear tree can live and bear fruit longer. There are individual representatives of the variety, whose age exceeds 100 years or more.

Winter hardiness

One of the clear advantages of the variety is its frost resistance. Pears memory zhegalova easily tolerate cold to -30 degrees. This species can be found even in the Urals, where winters are quite severe. Not afraid of plant and spring frosts. However, in snow-free winters, it is better to organize shelters for shoots and basal soil.

Yield

The yield of the variety is high, which makes it so popular. For the season the tree brings:

  • at the age of 4-6 years on 7-10 kg,
  • from 7 to 10 years about 15-20 kg
  • adult tree from 12 to 40-60 years brings up to 40 kg of pears.

Recurring fruiting

Saplings begin to bloom immediately after they take root. Flowering is abundant, the flowers are large and fragrant. But the ovary is formed only for 3-4 year of life (which is considered pretty skoropplodny).

The appearance of barren seasons indicates a disease or disturbance in the development of the plant.

Self-fertility

The variety is considered to be samobfruit and needs to be pollinated with other varieties. The percentage of self-pollinated flowers is very low - only 35-40%. To obtain rich yields, it is necessary to place several pollinating trees on the site. Such plants are placed no more than 30–40 meters from Zhegalov’s memory.

Disease resistance

Among other advantages, the variety is not afraid of diseases common among fruit crops.

Zhegalov's memory is resistant to scab, cytosporosis, and powdery mildew. Rarely, but sometimes found root cancer. The reason for its appearance, as a rule, lies in the wrong choice of soil or uneven watering.

Variety may be susceptible to bacterial burns. In this case, immediately remove the damaged parts and treat the sections with antibiotics.

It should also be remembered that in addition to infections, insects are threatened by pests. Especially often pears suffer from leafworms and aphids.

Description of the fetus

The fruits have a greenish color. By the end of aging, after drying, the skin turns yellow with a soft orange flush. Crop harvested in the second half of September. It is impossible to hesitate with the collection, the stalks of pears are weak, the fruits fall off even with slight wind. At the time of harvest, fruits are not ready for consumption, they ripen during storage about 4-5 days.

To determine the maturity of the fruit can be the color of the seed. If they have acquired a white color - it's time to remove the fruit from the branch.

Calorie content

The energy value of the fruit - about 90-95 kcal per 100 grams of pure pulp. At the same time, more than 80% of the fruit consists of water, the rest of the mass falls on carbohydrates. Pears are rich in fiber and contain a large amount of vitamins. However, this variety is characterized by a high sugar content, for this reason, Zhegalov’s Memory should be wary of people with diabetes or overweight.

The flesh of pears of this species is juicy, soft, the granularity is poorly pronounced. In a section a fruit of a white-cream shade, there are 4 seed chambers. One fruit contains about 7-10 seeds. Tasting grade grade - 4.5 points on a five-point scale. The taste is sweet with a slight sourness, the aftertaste is slightly spicy and tart.

Using

The fruits of this variety are used:

  • pear suitable for use fresh,
  • for cooking a variety of desserts,
  • used during harvesting compotes and jams for winter,
  • in baking.

Planting, growing and care

How you take care of a plant depends not only on its yield, but also on the duration of the fruiting period. It is important to observe the planting technology so that the seedlings take root.

To get started, choose a place that is well lit but protected from the wind. It is desirable that in a radius of 10-15 meters there are no buildings. Try not to plant pears memory zhegalova in places with high standing groundwater (or do drainage system). As for the nature of the soil, the soil should be loose with an average level of acidity.

If you have a loam in the area, add sand, wood ash, or a little ground bark.

Planting of this class can be made:

  • in the spring, after the descent of snow cover and thawing of the soil (depending on the region),
  • In the last decade of September,
  • in early October but this is acceptable only for the southern regions.

Technology and agricultural technology

Landing is carried out as follows:

  • dig a hole 1 m deep and 60 cm wide, pour a bucket of water there. Mix the excavated earth with humus and superphosphate, then leave it all for 10 days,
  • in the center of the pit beat a stake to which you will tie a sapling,
  • after 10 days in the center of the hole, install a sapling, straighten all the roots
  • Pour the prepared soil into the pit, do not tamp too hard
  • fix the tree on a hammered peg, form a mound around to make it easier to water,
  • water 2-3 buckets of water, hulk.

What to grow better

In order for the tree to stick better, buy seedlings in local nurseries, they are already adapted to your climate. Planting material should look healthy, without any damaged areas on the shoots. Sapling age - not more than 1.5 years. The stock is better to choose a quince, so the first crop will appear faster, and it will be easier to care for the plant.

Distance between trees

Seedlings are planted in this order:

  • between the trees in the same row the distance is about 4-5 m,
  • row spacing - 6-7 meters,
  • distance to pollinators - 20-40 meters.

Planting care is needed regularly. It includes a whole range of activities. At each time of year, trees need special care, a specific set of nutrients.

Fertilizers are applied during the entire growing season, starting with bud break. In early spring you need to feed:

  • nitrogen-containing compounds ammonium nitrate or nitroammofoskoy. The concentration of the solution is 35-40 grams per 10 liters of water,
  • humus 4-5 buckets for each root,
  • urea, 500-600 grams per bucket of water.

During flowering, foliar feeding is done by spraying the trees with a solution of urea. It also helps to get rid of pests. After flowering, make liquid chicken droppings, as well as a mixture of potassium with superphosphate. At the same time, trees are watered with a solution of sodium humate (10 g of dry matter per 10 liters of water).

Before the onset of cold weather is recommended to make the composition of calcium, potassium and superphosphate. Nitrogenous compounds are not used in the fall.

Fruit ripening

Watering is especially important during flowering and fruiting. Pears memory Zhegalov easily tolerate drought, but the abundance of moisture will accelerate the harvest. You need to water it once a week, 5-6 buckets of water for an adult plant and 3-4 buckets for young.

Organize supports for the pillows. Watch for fruit ripening, do not be late with the harvest. You should also monitor the condition of the fruit for pests. During ripening it is impossible to apply chemical insecticides, it is better to resort to folk methods (onion decoction, tincture of garlic and hot pepper).

Fruit storage

The fruits of amyati Zhegalov are well stored and transported. Shelf life is 4 months subject to the rules:

  • in one box can not be placed more than 10 kg of pears,
  • not worth keeping when exposed to sunlight
  • temperature indoors - 6-8 degrees Celsius,
  • the good ventilation, low air humidity.

Rejuvenation

Anti-aging pruning is recommended when the tree is 12-15 years old. This will help maintain plant productivity. Proceed stepwise:

  • first pruning only old shoots are removed (be sure to leave at their base 1-2 buds for new branches),
  • next year they renew the fruit-trees, they are shortened by a third, leaving at the end a fork of new shoots,
  • for the third year all non-fruiting vegetation is cut off.

Formative pruning is done in the first 4-5 years of life. In this case, the crown is cut so that it forms a cone. At one time can not be cut more than one-third of the entire vegetative part. The cuts should remain smooth, without hemp. Dead and stunted shoots, diseased or damaged parts of pests are subject to removal.

Selection of seedlings

Basic rules for the selection of planting material:

  • seedlings of pear age 2 years, grown in a local nursery, take root more easily,
  • it is inexpedient to acquire a plant on the market, because it is not known under what conditions it grew,
  • if the root system is not protected by a clod of earth, conduct a thorough inspection of the roots. They must be flexible, not overdried, without injuries and growths,
  • shoots flexible with viable bark, buds swollen, green.

Even the slightest signs of damage to a pear by pests or suspected diseases should stop you from buying a seedling.

Place and soil

When laying a orchard, give preference to well-lit places, protected from the rampant winds. It is optimal if there is a natural or artificial barrier 3–5 m from the tree. The level of the aquifer is no closer than 2.5 m from the ground surface.

Fertile and loose chernozems, sandy loams, light loams are optimal for pear growth. Cultivation is impossible on clay soil. This type of soil contributes to the accumulation of moisture, waterlogging, which leads to the development of root rot. The acidity of the substrate is 5.7-7.

Landing technology

The pit for the seedling is prepared at least 2-3 weeks before the planned planting. The parameters of the pit correspond to the size of the root system of the seedling. Depth is up to 1 m, diameter is 60 - 80 cm.

When digging the hole, the upper layer is discarded. It is mixed with 2-3 buckets of organic matter (compost, humus), a bucket of sand. Soil mixture is flavored with a full mineral complex, mixed and poured into a hole, forming a hill. The seedling is planted after shrinkage of the earth, previously loosening the walls of the hole with a pitchfork. If pollinators are planted next to each other, the distance between individuals is 4–5 m.

The process of planting pears:

  1. for seedlings with open roots, the root system is placed for 6-12 hours in a bucket with a light solution of potassium permanganate,
  2. departing from the center of the hole 15–20 cm, they drive in a supporting stake, one and a half meters high,
  3. the tree is placed in the hole, the roots are distributed along the hill, the nutrient mixture is gradually filled up,
  4. the earth is compacted, they form an irrigation circle with a diameter of 50 cm. Liberally watered with two or three buckets of water, mulch the surface with peat, tie it up to a support.

Remember that when planting, the root depth of the neck is unacceptable. This part of the plant should protrude 5–8 cm above the ground.

The subtleties of pear care

Description of the variety told us about the simplicity of the tree. Care includes timely irrigation, organic and mineral fertilizing, spring processing, pristvolny space cleaning, pruning.

The pear bearing fruit is watered 3-4 times per season. Irrigation at the stage of formation of ovaries, bookmarks of fruit buds, fruit loading is a necessary measure. Irrigation rates are determined individually, depending on the amount of natural precipitation and the type of soil. Under an adult tree, up to 50 liters of water is poured in one irrigation, seedlings are irrigated more often, but with less water. Since August, the plant is not watered.

Reviews gardeners argue that powerful water recharge in the fall contributes to easy wintering of the culture. Under adult specimens poured up to 150 liters of water.

After watering, weeds are removed from the near-stem space, loosening the soil. In the spring of pear treated with fungi by spraying Bordeaux mixture.

The spring portion of fertilizers includes nitrogen, the need for potassium arises before flowering, and phosphorus is needed to prepare for winter. Minerals are replenished by the introduction of appropriate complex fertilizers. Organics contribute before wintering or in early spring.

The pear of Memory Zhegalov’s variety itself forms the correct crown with a low thickening index, does not require formative pruning. Every spring dry, old, diseased branches are removed from the tree. After pruning, the wound surface is treated with paint or garden pitch.

Cultivar winter-hardy, will transfer even a harsh winter without shelter. In the young overgrown in the winter, the trunks are whitewashed and wrapped with non-woven material; the near-stem space is highly mulched with humus. Adult trees are painted or whitened shtamb. From rodents tied lapnik.

Pear variety Memory Zhegalov quite popular, used for industrial cultivation. Gardeners prefer this late autumn hybrid for good productivity, a sweet crop that will retain excellent taste for a long time.

Preparing for the winter

The variety is winter hardy, but in regions with cold winters, young trees should be warmed. In the fall, it is necessary to remove fallen leaves, watering irrigation, dig and grind the soil with sawdust, treat the tree with garden whitewash. It is easy to prepare it yourself: you need to mix 3 kg of lime, 400 g of copper sulfate, 50 g of casein glue and 10 liters of water. Pre-tree cleaned from dry bark, moss.

The trunk of a young tree is wrapped with a non-woven material soaked in peppermint oil, diesel fuel, dust, rodents do not like their smell. As a heater, you can use straw with dry stems of black root, wormwood, which scare away mice, or tie a bole at the bottom with spruce fir branches, a polymer mesh. In winter, they scoop up snow to protect the roots from freezing, free long branches from snow cover.

A good harvest can be obtained only with the proper formation of the tree. The most acceptable for pears 2 forms - sparse-tiered and spindle.

Formation of a sparse-tiered crown

  1. Immediately after planting, a part of the center conductor is shortened in the seedling.
  2. In the second year of planting, 3 branches are left on the bottom row, one of which should grow by 20 cm higher than the other. They are shortened by a third. The central shoot is cut at a height of 1 m from the first row.
  3. In the third year, 3 escapes are left on the second tier, the remaining branches are cut out. The central shoot is again shortened at a height of 1 m from the branches of the second row.
  4. A year later, the last, third tier of 3 branches is formed.
  5. For the formation of a sprawling and well-lit crown, it is thinned.
  6. After pruning, all slices are disinfected by boiling.
  7. The remaining branches are cut off completely. Rows should be located in 50 cm: in the lower - 3 branches, in the second - two, in the upper - one. The central trunk is cut 20 cm above the branches.
  8. Every spring, the main branches are shortened by a third, excess growth is cut off.

You can give the tree and fusiform shape with the main trunk and evenly located around it branches up to 1.5 m. When a tree reaches 3–4 meters, the formation is completed. Conductor annually shortened. The spindle-shaped crown warms up well by the sun, which contributes to abundant fruiting.

After the foliage subsides and in spring, thickening crown and damaged branches are removed, leveling the length of the skeletal branches.

Trees older than 5 years old rejuvenate: thinning the crown, cutting off excess branches, shorten the trunk to the level of the side branch - this increases the access of nutrient juices to fruit-forming shoots.

Diseases and pests

Pear Memory Zhegalov has good resistance to fungal diseases, in particular scab. To prevent the appearance of parasites attract beneficial insects to the garden: gold-eyed, seven-point cows, dragonflies, planting flowering plants (tansy, marigolds, peppermint, calendula).

In order to prevent it is useful to spray trees with plant infusions. From spider mites, aphids apply onion peel (20 g 10 l), from caterpillars and moths - burdock tincture (700 g 10 l), from tsvetourody - tansy (800 g 10 l). This treatment is used once a week while insects are flying.

Watch the video: 5 Of The Best Berries That Grow Well In Containers (October 2019).

Loading...