Water soluble iodine in the complex is “Farmaiod”. Substance opaque, with a specific smell, has a dark brown color. Antimicrobial plant disinfecting drug "Farmayod" instructions for use are described as follows: a solution of high concentration has a broad effect against fungal diseases of the soil and plants. Produces the drug domestic company "FarmBioMed" according to the formula developed by Russian scientists.
The active substance is iodine in combination with a non-ionic surfactant surfactant (100 g / l). Available in the form of an aqueous solution.
The main advantages of the drug are:
- Almost complete compatibility with fertilizers, but before use you need to check.
- Environmental Safety.
- Fighting tobacco mosaic virus and potato virus x.
- It is able to cure the core necrosis of a tomato.
- Able to remove bacterial streak.
- Treats cucumber root rot.
- Able to fight the green speckled mosaic virus in cucumbers.
- Able to stop wilting cucumber associated with bacteria.
- Fights a cucumber mosaic virus.
"Farmod": instructions for use for plants. Impact principle
Due to the active substance, the drug is able to increase and strengthen the immunity of plants. At the same time, diseases that can progress in them due to viruses or pathogens are destroyed.
The use of this drug increases the resistance of plants to temperature extremes and other natural influences.
Good for the treatment of any plant drug "Farmayod." Instructions for the use of funds belonging to the third class of danger, states that a one percent solution is not harmful to humans and animals, does not cause irritation, does not have a toxic effect even with prolonged use. At the same time, it is very effective against viral bacteria and fungal diseases harmful to plants.
How to prepare solution "Farmayoda"
Prepare the composition to the day of processing and immediately use. You can not store the solution after cooking and dilute it in a dish, which later will be food. The presence of children and animals during the process is not allowed. When preparing the composition you need to use protective equipment. At the time of processing the plant should take care of the absence of bees.
Excellently proved the drug "Farmaiod" as a means for tillage. Instructions for use for the soil as follows: Take 10 ml of solution per liter of water. Expect that a liter of funds will handle 10 square meters. meters of surface. After the watering is done.
"Farmod" instructions for use for soil: watering
Soil disinfection takes place two days before planting. For this, 100 ml of the drug is dissolved in ten liters of water. The soil should be well treated with a watering can with a fine strainer. If the ground is highly contaminated, then the concentration should be tripled.
This solution (10 liters) should be enough for processing 100 square meters of land. After tillage with this composition, the number of pests and bacteria in the ground will be reduced to 98%.
"Farmod" for plants and disinfection
This solution fights against phytopathogenic viruses and bacteria, the causative agents of fungal diseases in plants. It has a long period of exposure. There is a decrease in the number of various kinds of pests when using the drug "Farmaiod". Instructions for use for trees describes how to treat the trunk and crown with 1% solution in the presence of fungal diseases and 10% composition with the onset of pests. Usually, 1 teaspoon of the product per 1 liter of water is taken to spray the plants.
The solution "Farmyoda" can be treated and the floors in the room where people live, to disinfect surfaces. When processing windows and doors must be closed. For this purpose, the solution is prepared in this way: 1% solution is diluted with 1 liter of water with the calculation of 1 liter - 10 sq. M. m
"Farmod": reviews of gardeners and gardeners
In many forums, the instructions for use are discussed and described for the “Farmod” preparation. Reviews of gardeners and gardeners say that it is a very effective drug to combat diseases and pests. Many indicate that trees and plants need to be processed more than 20 times per season.
The first spraying is done in early spring before the buds swell. Not only bare trunks and branches are processed, but also soil is shed under the trees. The second time you need to perform this action when the first leaves appear. After this treatment, a break is made until the plants ottsvetut and ovaries of fruits appear. Further spraying "Pharmaiod" is made as the appearance of diseased leaves on the plant. The result of this treatment is a great harvest.
Many disinfect greenhouses and greenhouses in the spring, before planting seedlings. To do this, make a solution that sprayed the entire greenhouse, wash the glass and shed the soil. Very useful can be the drug "Farmod". Instructions for use for plants says that after two days from the time of treatment, seedlings can be planted.
The difference between "Farmod" from "Yodinol" sold in a pharmacy
In the reviews, many people ask: is it possible to use "Yodinol", which is similar to "Pharmaiod"? The drug, which is sold in a pharmacy, is not suitable for the treatment of plants and soil, as it is an alcohol solution. "Iodinol" causes burns on the skin of the skin, and for plants you need to buy only "Pharmaiod".
In addition, the drug is well suited for processing greenhouses, garden tools, inventory. You can spray rooms that contain animals and poultry. The main thing is to remember that rooms that have been disinfected with Pharmaod should be well ventilated.
Release form and security measures
Pharmaodom in sales packaging
Farmod for plants is produced in the form of a uterine aqueous solution of 10% concentration in plastic and glass containers with a capacity from 50 ml to 5 l, see fig. Working solutions are prepared by diluting the stock solution with water. The mother liquor is stored for a long time, up to 3 years, from the opened container can be repeatedly selected in portions. But in the working solution with the access of air, the iodine-surfactant complexes disintegrate and it should be used immediately, maximum within a day. However, a freshly prepared 1% working solution of Farmod in a tightly closed glass container in a dark place at a temperature not exceeding +25 can be stored for up to a year.
Uterine 10% and the more weak working solutions for skin contact have no more negative effect than medical Iodinol, but they color the skin and cause burns to the mucous membranes. A deadly dose of active iodine when ingested by a human is 3 g. Therefore, pharmamodus belongs to substances of the 3rd hazard class. You need to work with him in latex gloves, goggles and a respirator-petal. In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of clean water out of the open and consult a doctor. Also, emergency medical care is needed when signs of iodine poisoning appear: burning and dry mouth, abdominal cramps, chest pain, cough, headache, confusion.
Note: Farmod containers are not eligible for any subsequent use. You can not throw them away, you need to pass for recycling.
Action and activity
Iodine is known to be halogen, i.e. chemically very active element. Penetrating into living cells or protein membranes of viruses, it “wedges” into their amino groups, releasing bound oxygen, and the entire biochemistry of the cell “goes into hatching”. As a result, the cell dies.
As a biocide, iodine is completely non-selective - it destroys all living things.. Therefore, the main field of application of pharmaiodine is prophylactic: disinfection of the soil, premises for plants (greenhouses, greenhouses) before planting of productive crops and after harvesting, as well as the handling of inventory and garden tools.
Note: if the farmod was used to disinfect contaminated soil (see below), one week after the treatment, it is necessary to add beneficial bacteria in the form of EM-preparations Baikal EM-1, Vostok EM-1, etc. or homemade EM compost.
Iodine is a halogen with a large atomic weight. Free iodine is a gray solid and is much more passive than gaseous fluorine, chlorine and liquid bromine. In dry air, free iodine is stable, and with decreasing temperature, its chemical activity drops sharply. Therefore, the use of pharmaiodine is most effective for indoor crops, and in the open air with an external temperature not lower than +10 degrees.
In the air, free iodine actively sublimates — it evaporates without melting. Sublimation of iodine increases with increasing temperature and under the action of light. As a result, in the open field, treatment with pharmaiodine is quite effective at a temperature not higher than +20 degrees for the protection and treatment of plants responsive to iodine, see below. Also, in the open field, application of Pharmaiodine is carried out only at night.
Iodine from the soil and in the air completely volatilizes and / or enters stable chemical compounds within 2-3 days. In plants, iodine acts as an active substance 2-3 times. For a guarantee, the waiting period after processing by the pharmamod is set at 3 weeks. Farmod is compatible with other means of agrochemistry, other than those having an alkaline reaction, but in an acidic environment, its activity decreases, so that the treatment with farmodioid is best carried out separately from others.
The next quite significant area of application of pharmaiodine is seed dressing. However, their germination after treatment with pharmacopoeia drops markedly, therefore, seeds that are suspicious of wearing pathogens should be treated with iodine. Eg, from their ill plants.
With regard to the treatment of plants with iodine, it is somewhat similar to the treatment of cancer - all cells are killed, but to some extent restores their own healthy plants, and the pathogens have nowhere to go. Strengthening the resilience of plants will help treatment with iodine in conjunction with whey, see video:
Indications and Contraindications
Iodine is also not a panacea. Most of all, compared with the cells of the affected plant, it acts on gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria of the genera Clavibacter, Erwinia, Pseudomonas, Xanthomonas and viruses VZKMO, PTO, TMV, BTM. All of them affect solanaceous and pumpkin, but the affected plants differ significantly in physiology, from which the effectiveness of pharmaiodine as a therapeutic agent also depends a lot.
Symptoms of cucumber lesions viral speckled mosaic
Some of the plants potentially affected by these pathogens enter into symbiosis with soil bacteria. Not as tight as nitrogen-fixing plants, but they are more or less necessary. Therefore, only cucumbers can be treated with pumpkin iodine, while melons and gourds are useless - there will be more harm than good. For cucumbers, farmod is effective against viral speckled mosaic. An inexperienced plant grows her symptoms easily confused with the initial stage of magnesium chlorosis. Feeding with magnesium in this case will only aggravate the situation: cucumber roots are weak, the stems are long and therefore the regenerative ability of cucumbers is small, and pathogens in green tissues will receive a more nutritious medium. However, there are fairly clear distinctive signs of viral mosaic and chlorosis. First, its virus infects the adim. adult fruiting plants. Secondly, the fruits thus acquire a characteristic arcuate shape, see fig. on right.
Note: The pickled cucumbers lose marketability, of course, but are suitable for fresh consumption and canning. Virus speckled mosaic for humans is not pathogenic, and in the human body instantly destroyed. Does not die - modern science does not recognize viruses as living beings. Accordingly, nature has become one living kingdom less, and virologists have turned from biologists into someone like toxicologists, although virology is taught in biofacs.
Of the garden greenhouse solanaceous iodine is contraindicated to the vegetable (sweet) pepper, and its use for tomatoes in the greenhouse gives unstable results: the more depleted and / or improperly re-cultivated the soil, the worse. Therefore, it is necessary to treat greenhouse tomatoes with pharmaiodine only with a strong defeat by pathogens, and many amateur growers felt that iodine “does not like tomatoes”, see video:
Preventive disinfection is the best way to use iodine in an individual household. Pharmamod then acts as a universal biocide that destroys, in addition to microorganisms, spores and hyphae of fungi and resting pests. Disinfection is carried out with 1% or 2% working solution (10 ml of master solution per 990 ml of water or 20 ml and 980 ml, respectively) as follows:
- Inventory, equipment, tools - wipe with a clean cloth, richly soaked with 2% solution.
- Building structures and glass greenhouses / greenhouses - spray with a 2% solution from the spray gun, giving the smallest "foggy" stream. Consumption - 100-200 ml per 1 square. After spraying, the room is sealed for 1-2 weeks: windows, doors, ventilation hatches are tightly closed. Glasses outside (at least on the sunny side) are closed with burlap, etc.
- Damp cleaning of floors and processing of technological tanks: 2% solution, mop, clean floor cloth. Norm - 0.3-0.4 l / sq. m. Ventilate the room begin immediately after treatment. Airing time - 2-5 days.
- Preventive soil disinfection: spraying with a 1% solution at a rate of 100-200 ml / sq. After 2-3 weeks - the introduction of bacterial preparations (see above), sodium humate or potassium humate.
- Disinfecting the soil from under the ill plants: watering without a watering can with a 2% solution at a rate of 3-5 liters per cubic meter. m of soil. The waiting time is 4-5 weeks.
- Cuts woody plants wipe with a cotton swab moistened with uterine 10% solution.
- Shrub cuts and not completely lignified tree branches - the same, but with a 2% solution.
- Pinches grassy - the same, 1% solution.
Note: Iodine disinfection is performed at temperatures above zero. Solutions are prepared in a chemically neutral and resistant utensils (glass, polyethylene, propylene). Food PVC is not good!
Therapeutic prevention and treatment
Iodine as a therapeutic agent of plants is effective not only for the nightshade and pumpkin. Pharmaiodine is applicable both for the prevention of diseases and for the treatment of diseased plants. However, it must be borne in mind that iodine inhibits the vital activity not only of pathogens, but also of the plants and soil microorganisms themselves. It is equally important to accurately determine the etiology (nature, origin) of the disease. If the plants are simply starving for a particular battery, then treatment with iodine will only bring harm. And on the contrary, if to feed the diseased plant, then the pathogens, having received a more nutritious environment, will only “get rid of”. Here is a complete analogy with ourselves: a rich unbalanced diet harms the patient. It is especially dangerous to combine the treatment of plants with the use of growth stimulants and phytohormones in general. Therefore, farmaiod for plants for medicinal purposes should be used, observing the trace. conditions:
- Prophylactic treatment by farmoiodom conducted on the trail. year if in the current plants were sick. If not, for the treatment of wound surfaces (see below) it is necessary to use means of soft action: garden pitch, crushed charcoal,
- Prophylactic treatment with farmoiodom can be carried out independently,
- It is possible to treat iodine diseased plants only if the etiology of the disease is well established. Best of all - a specialist phytopathologist,
- Diseased plants can not be depleted by fruiting. If the disease began before flowering, it is better to remove the buds and flower stalks. If after it - remove part or completely of the ovaries or crops. Unripe tomatoes and cucumbers can be used for canning,
- In no case can you compost the bottomed of diseased herbaceous and perennial pruning, you need to burn,
- It is better to dig up a young potato that has picked up a viral infection and sell it in order to somehow compensate for crop losses. Zavirisovannaya quite edible, but very poorly stored.
Instructions for use of pharmamodus for plants for medicinal purposes are given in the table:
Instructions for use of pharmaiodine for plants for medicinal purposes
Prophylactic phases that do not require thorough diagnosis are highlighted in green. Biological preparations (see above) and humates should be added to the soil of the plot on which Farmod was applied. Possible replacement - homemade compost one season. It is also necessary to better prepare the plants for the winter. This, in combination with the current recultivation of the soil, will repeatedly reduce the risk of recurrence of the disease next year.
Farmod: action, indications, disinfection and treatment of plant diseases
Iodine is widely used in agriculture as a biocide and trace element necessary for plants. But the pharmaceutical alcohol solution of iodine for agricultural purposes is not very suitable due to both chemical activity and the high cost of the solvent.
For farms produced farmod. In its manufacture, the active substance is first bound in complex compounds with chemically neutral surface-active substances (surfactants). The surfactant for pharmaiodide is chosen to be non-dissociated into ions, i.e. not ion-forming.
Organic complex saponins and their derivatives are most often used as complexing agents for pharmamodus, shampoos, dishwashing products, household cleaning products, etc. are produced on the same basis.
Now even laundry soap is made on the basis of saponin surfactants, and not fatty acid derivatives, like the old brown.
Used Farmod for the prevention and treatment of diseases of horticultural crops:
- Fruit trees and shrubs: viral, bacterial, fungal infections, saprotrophic fungi on the bark, lichens, algae,
- Roses, bulbous: virus, necrosis, bacterial wilting,
- Tomatoes: mosaic virus, double streak, bacterial core necrosis, late blight, bacterial cancer,
- Potatoes: Y virus, X virus, M virus, late blight,
- Cucumbers, all pumpkin: mosaic virus, bacterial wilt.
Instructions for use for plants:
- Soaking tomato seed pumpkin:
Soak for half an hour in a mixture of 5-10 ml / 10l of water, then rinse with running water. Dry the seeds to a free flowing state.
Cucumbers to process a solution of 3 ml / 10l of water, tomatoes: 5-7 ml / 10l, potatoes: 5-10ml / 10l.
Soak for 30 minutes in a solution of 10 ml / 10 l of water.
Treating trees and shrubs:
In early spring or late autumn, the trunk and crown should be sprayed with a solution of 50-100ml / 10l of water.
Attention! Eating plants can be no earlier than three days after disinfection!
After one and a half to two weeks after treatment, it is desirable to add immunostimulants (HB-101, Ecoberin) and beneficial bacteria to maintain plant immunity.
Reviews gardeners and flower growers
The use of the drug is divided into several stages. The first treatment is done in early spring before the buds swell. The trunks and branches are subject to treatment, as well as the ground in which the trees are planted. The onset of the next stage occurs with the advent of the first leaflets. At the end of this procedure, a long pause is made, ending with the end of flowering and the appearance of the ovary of the fruit.
Further spraying with Pharmaiod is necessary only when the diseased leaves of the plant appear. The result of this processing scheme is a great harvest!
Farmod is a very effective, powerful and affordable domestic development tool. The active substance (iodine) supports the natural immunity of plants, eliminates the sources of developing diseases caused by harmful microflora, regulates the number of certain pests, increases stress resistance to adverse environmental influences.
Farmod - composition and appointment
Not even every experienced gardener knows about that simple moment, how to disinfect the soil to reduce the incidence of plants and improve crop yields.
As a rule, gardeners begin the fight against plant pathogens when the primary signs of illness appear, and chemical insecticides and folk remedies are used.
Disinfection is resorted to only when preparing the soil for sowing seeds for seedlings, using not always effective and barbaric methods, such as roasting and treatment with manganese solution. In this case, few people think that the soil in the greenhouses and on the site also requires such procedures.
The antiseptic property of iodine is known to everyone from childhood and firsthand. Based on this substance, a soil decontamination agent has been created - Pharmamod.
By the way, the Internet played a significant role in its popularization.
- Iodine in 10% concentration,
- The remaining 90% is a non-ionic surfactant.
As you can see, there are no complex and harmful chemical elements in the concentrate, which allows to conclude that the substance is harmless to plants and humans.
The drug has a wide spectrum of action. It is realized in the form of liquid in containers from 50 to 500 ml, as well as for use on an industrial scale in a volume of 1000 and 5000 ml.
How and against what does Pharmaiod work?
The mechanism of action is based on the property of iodine that it is capable of burning. So, pathogenic microflora and viruses that are present within the radius of treatment with a drug simply get burns “incompatible with life”.
In addition, the substance, entering the cells of parasites and fungi, has an inhibitory effect on enzyme metabolism, thereby disrupting the natural cellular metabolism.
The interaction inside the cell with water, iodine causes a strong oxidation, which leads to the death of parasites and microorganisms.
The drug is used for all types of disinfection:
- Soils from parasites and putrid fungi, mold,
- Plants against spore-forming fungi and viruses,
- When processing seeds and seedlings,
- Garden tools and equipment,
- The premises of greenhouses and greenhouses.
For general information, I will inform you that the drug is also used in livestock and poultry farming to disinfect pigsty, incubators and poultry houses.
In industry and agriculture, Pharmaiodus is used to process storage facilities, granaries, vegetable pits and other premises.
Features of use
Before giving instructions on the use of the drug, I will note a number of important points of the disinfection process with iodine composition:
- Even 3 grams of iodine can negatively affect a person’s health, and even become a lethal dose,
- Processing should be done at temperatures not below 0 degrees,
- In case of severe soil contamination, allow the procedure to be performed several times per season.
Instructions for use: preparation of the solution and dosage
Dosage and quantity of treatments depends on the degree of soil contamination, on the type of crops and what is being disinfected.
Dosage and use:
- For disinfection of the soil, a solution in the following concentration is used - 1 ml. Pharmiod on 1 liter of water, at the rate of 2 liters per square of land. We make watering from a watering can.
- For processing greenhouses and greenhouses, the solution is used in a proportion of 100 ml. concentrate to 10 liters of water. When processing, you can use a spray or just wipe all parts of the structure and pour the soil. On 1 square use from 100 ml. composition.
Processing of vegetable crops:
- Cucumber seeds are processed before planting. They are soaked for 30 minutes in a solution of Pharmiod, prepared in a proportion of 1 ml. in a glass of water. After that, the seeds are washed under running water or immersed in warm water for another half an hour.
- Processing of seedlings of tomatoes consists in spraying through a hand spray at the stage of formation of 4 leaves in saplings. The solution is prepared in proportion to 10 liters of water 3 ml. concentrate. The second treatment is radical after landing in the ground, half a liter of solution for each bush. Proportion - 10 ml. concentrate to 10 liters of water.
Tomato processing features
Tomatoes are more prone to disease than any other crop. For the purpose of prophylaxis and fight, they should be sprayed with Pharmacia at different stages of plant development. At the same time, different proportions of concentrate are used:
- In the phase of 7-10 leaves - 1 ml. 2 liters of water, in combination with immunostimulating drugs,
- In the flowering phase, fruiting - 10 ml. 10 liters of water, at the rate of 500 ml of solution per plant at the root.
On the issue of contraindications and periods of storage
Significant side effects and contraindications Farmod has. The only negative feature of the drug is its effect on the entire microflora, both pathogenic and beneficial.
For this reason, it is recommended to use 1% of the composition, and a couple of days after processing to make organic fertilizers.
It is allowed to keep the concentrate up to 5 years, but the solution prepared on its basis is recommended to be used within 3-5 hours, but not more.
Farmod has a broad spectrum of activity against non-spore-forming microbes (excluding mycobacteria), viruses, fungi. The drug belongs to the group of moderately toxic compounds. Pharmaiodine solutions do not irritate, do not cause corrosion of metals.
Carrying out preventive and forced (current and final) disinfection of livestock, poultry, animal and other premises, animal care products, equipment, vehicles used to transport animals and raw materials of animal origin. In infectious diseases of bacterial (except infections caused by spore-forming bacteria and mycobacteria), viral and fungal etiology. Remediation of air and respiratory tract of birds and animals with respiratory diseases, as well as for the disinfection of skin and wounds.
Doses and method of use
Wet disinfection. For prophylactic, as well as forced (current and final) disinfection for infections belonging to the group of unstable (group I) and resistant (group II) to the main disinfectants, the quality of disinfection for which is controlled by the release of Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus, a 1% solution is used farmoyoda, with a consumption rate of 0.2 - 0.3 l / m² of the treated surface. Exposure for prophylactic and final disinfection 3 hours, with the current 1 hour. Aerosol disinfection. For prophylactic, as well as forced (current and final) disinfection for infections belonging to the I and II resistance groups, a 1.5% solution of pharmamodus is used at the rate of 30 ml / m³ of the preparation. Exposure for prophylactic and final disinfection 3 hours, with the current 1 hour. Sanitation of the upper respiratory tract of animals and birds. For respiratory diseases - laryngotracheitis, infectious bronchitis, bird aspergillosis, infectious rhinotracheitis, bronchitis and bronchopneumonia of calves, piglets and lambs, as well as in mixed infections, use 4.5% solution of pharmamodus at a flow rate of 6.5 ml / m³ in two doses with an interval in 15 minutes. The total time of exposure to animals 30 minutes a day. Treatments are carried out daily for 7–14 days. Treatment of wound surfaces. For disinfection of the skin and treatment of wounds in animals (castration, surgery, fresh and complicated infections), treatment of the umbilical cord, external genital organs using 5% solution of Farmod.
Release form and action
The drug "Farmod" is produced in the form of a liquid (water-soluble concentrated substance) of 10% iodine solution, exhibits surface activity. Packing means can be from 50 ml to 5 liters in glass or plastic opaque containers.
The drug "Farmod" - is an excellent antiseptic that destroys harmful microbes, viruses and bacteria
When this plant is processed by plants, animals or premises, iodine, as the main active ingredient, eliminates pathogens due to its ability to penetrate deep into the cells and disrupt their normal operation. Thus, their division, development is blocked, they are destroyed and die.
The advantages of this tool is that it performs its functions on any surface, living or non-living. This allows it to be used for disinfecting premises and tools, including gardening equipment in greenhouses, barns, and premises where animals are kept (birds, cows, goats, horses).
Consider how to properly apply this tool in various situations: crop production, animal husbandry.
"Farmod" is used at each stage - from soil disinfection to the processing of mature plants:
- Soil treatment: for spraying the soil before planting seeds or seedlings. In a bucket of water (10 liters), dilute 2 tablespoons of the product, stirring, immediately start treatment - watering or spraying from a watering can.
- Treatment of premises: in a bucket of water (10 liters) dilute 100 ml of Pharmade. The concentration is increased, as it is necessary to destroy the infection, which can infect the subsequent crop of plants. It is used in gardening and horticulture when cleaning greenhouses. Exactly in the same proportion, the tool is used to disinfect vegetable stores and cellars. After breeding, thoroughly wash the walls, shelves, racks. This will eliminate the rot and dirt.
- Application in poultry houses, pig farms and barns is carried out with a very weak 1% solution. The technology of application is the same: preliminary washing of the room, then the walls, the floor, the tools, the troughs, the feeders are processed. The use of the “Farmod” preparation in animal husbandry allows to reduce the incidence of viral and bacterial pathologies and prevent the spread of infection.
The product must be diluted in water at room temperature. Neither in boiling water, nor in very cold water, this should not be done, since the antiseptic properties of the solution will deteriorate.
Instructions for use for plants
"Farmiod 10" in agricultural technology has good reviews in the cultivation of vegetables and fruits.
When growing seedlings of cucumbers, tomatoes, sweet peppers, the tool is used for disinfecting seeds. In a glass of water (0.2 liters) dissolve 1 ml of the preparation and immerse the seed for 20-30 minutes. After soaking, the seeds are thoroughly washed and dried. The processing time can not be increased, since it is possible to spoil (“burn”) the seed germs.
Seedlings are watered or sprayed from a watering can with a weaker solution - 3 ml per bucket of water. When the plant is fully formed, as well as after transplantation in open ground, use a concentration of solution of 2 tablespoons per bucket of water.
The drug "Farmod" comes in liquid form
"Pharmaiod 10" - instructions for use for potatoes
If you decide to decontaminate the soil for potatoes, as well as to fight against late blight on flowering plants in this way, then water it with a solution of the drug every 10–14 days at a dosage of 4 ml per 10 liters of water. Processing is carried out on average 2-3 times.
To prevent burns when applying "Farmayoda" to the soil and plants, it is impossible to independently increase the dosage. Indeed, except for, of course, useful disinfectant qualities, the drug destroys all microorganisms: both beneficial and harmful.
"Farmod" for wound disinfection is used, just like regular iodine in the treatment of people. Prepare 5% of the working composition and use it for the treatment of purulent wounds, boils, as well as after surgical interventions, childbirth, castration or sterilization of animals and birds.
To use the drug throughout the shelf life (5 years) you need to know the simple rules:
- "Farmod" can not be frozen,
- Store in a dark place.
As for the level of humidity, with sufficient tightness of the preparation capacity, it is not significant.
Where to buy the drug
Buy "Farmod" can be in specialized stores for gardening and gardening or order via the Internet.
In compliance with the elementary security measures and instructions for use, "Farmayod" has established itself as an excellent antiseptic with a wide range of action for plants, animals, premises and soil.
Reviews on the use of greenhouses and livestock only positive. Thanks to this preparation, plants, vegetables become strong, viable, give a good harvest.
Especially well that the tool has a prolonged effect, it allows you to use it not very often, even in conditions of high humidity. Anyway, the germs will be destroyed, therefore, a good harvest will be obtained, and the animals are healthy. Moreover, unlike other disinfectants, it is absolutely harmless to people, animals, birds. “Farmod” does not cause any allergic reactions and addiction. It performs its antiseptic action with each use and does not poison the soil or living organisms.
Disinfectant drug farmod
People are increasingly to the land - our nurse and savior. Not enough fresh, unnatural and tasteless products in the store - all this affects the quality and duration of our lives. No matter the vegetables, fruits, berries grown on the beloved cottage! But in order to get a good harvest, it is necessary to competently approach growing plants.
To obtain a good harvest, first of all, it is necessary to improve the soil, increase its fertility. Plants grown on healthy soil become immune to diseases and pests.
And here not some harmful chemistry comes to the rescue, but ecologically pure biological preparations. One of these means is the long-acting drug Pharmaiod. Used for the prevention and treatment of plants against infectious diseases., additionally reduces the number of small pests (insects, small worms).
The preparation contains active iodine 10%, as well as surfactants. Farmod easily dissolves in water, it is non-toxic, even with prolonged use, effective for repeated processing.
Farmod (100 ml)
PHARMAYODE, VRK (Water soluble concentrate)
Water-soluble iodine complex, iodophor new generation with a mass fraction of active iodine 10%.
Disinfectant antiviral agent with bactericidal and fungicidal effect. It is used to protect plants from viral, bacterial and fungal diseases, to disinfect greenhouses, garden tools, premises (cellars, animal housing), equipment and vehicles, as well as for medical purposes.
ACTION AND BENEFITS
Pharmamod has high antimicrobial activity against the full range of pathogens - all pathogens of bacterial, viral, and fungal diseases: bacteria (gram-positive and gram-negative, anaerobic, spore-forming and asporogenic), the whole range of phytopathogenic viruses, is effective against various fungi, and also cyst and oocyst protozoa, eggs of ticks, eggs and helminth larvae.
Possesses high antimicrobial activity against gram-positive and gram-negative phytopathogenic bacteria of the species Pseudomonas, Erwinia, Clavibacter, Xanthomonas, as well as viruses TMV, VTMo, PTO, VZKMO, etc.
When used, there is a positive side effect - containment of some pests (ticks, thrips, nematodes). When the air temperature during processing is more than 25 ° C, the fumigant effect is enhanced.
Long period of protective action (at least 3-4 weeks).
Not phytotoxic. Non-toxic with prolonged and frequent use.
There is no resistance (addiction) in pathogens.
Not dangerous for bees. You can spray the plants during flowering. The healing effect on bees of drugs Farmaiod and Fitolavin is supposed. (When processing, of course, it is necessary to avoid contact of the working solution with bees and bumblebees.)
Absolutely safe for humans and pets.
Well soluble in water.
Result: provides suppression or reduction of the original pathogenic (harmful) microflora, excluding or postponing infection of plants from external sources.
A water-soluble iodine complex with a non-nutrient surfactant.
The basis of the antimicrobial action of iodine is the ability to disrupt the metabolic processes of pathogens.
Penetrating into the protoplasm of cells, iodine interacts with the amino groups of proteins, suppresses vital enzyme systems.
When iodine interacts with water, the protoplasm of cells produces active oxygen, which has a strong oxidizing effect. This also explains the destructive effect of iodine on mushrooms.
Numerous information about the beneficial effects of iodine on plant growth do not yet have a precise explanation. Most likely, iodine is involved in the regulation of enzyme systems.
The question of phytotoxicity. When used in recommended doses, a phytotoxic effect is not detected, however, it is not recommended to use it in low light conditions (evening hours, zero light zone, covered with a thick layer of snow or ice, glass, etc.) It is also not recommended to use cucumber at early stages of development.
Pharmamod is compatible with most insecticides and fungicides, except for drugs that have a strong alkaline reaction.
Spraying with a solution of plants, spilling the soil, wet surface treatment, as well as soaking seeds and processing cuts on tree crops.
The table with the schemes of application of Pharmaiod is among the images of the product on this page.
Used 0.03-0.05% solution.
Preparation of the working solution is carried out immediately before use. Dissolve the required amount of the drug in water, mix the solution thoroughly.
Frequency of use: as the symptoms appear. The waiting time before harvesting is up to 3 days.
On tree crops Farmod is used instead of copper-containing drugs to combat bacterial, fungal and viral diseases, as well as against the development of saprotrophic fungi, algae, mosses and lichens on the bark. You can add it to the paint for the whitewashing of water-based trees (for example, "Luck").
Carefully spill the soil from the watering can with a fine sieve with 1% solution of Pharmaiodus (100 ml per 10 l of water). If the soil is highly contaminated, an increase in concentration of 3 times is allowed (300 ml per 10 liters of water).
The prepared solution is sufficient for processing 5 square meters of soil, while the reduction in the number of harmful microorganisms reaches 98%. Planting in the treated soil is allowed after 48 hours.
For the treatment of greenhouse structures, films, glasses against Pharmiod's 1% solution of infection accumulated during the season (100 ml per 10 liters of water) are evenly sprayed over the surface or applied with a sponge. On 10 sq.m of a surface 1-3 liters of solution are required. If organic contamination is present (dust, grease, bloom), a wet treatment with Pharmadez detergent is recommended before applying Farmayoda.
Disinfection application during the season
Pharmamod is highly effective against the spread of viral and bacterial infections, therefore during the season when caring for plants - after pruning, pinching, pinching - it is useful to rinse the tools (secateurs, grafting knives) from traces of cell juice in the solution of Pharmaiodus. Rassatnye cassettes, boxes, pots also need to be disinfected.
Disinfection of warehouses and storage facilities
Before storing vegetables and fruits for storage, wet disinfection of walls, floors and other structures is carried out to prevent crop contamination by accumulated infection in the premises with 0.1% Pharmaiode solution (10 ml per 10 l of water, and further as for greenhouse disinfection). Doors, windows and vents must be closed. Air temperature should not be below 0 ° С.
Wet surface treatment
It is produced with 1-3% solution of Pharmaiodus (10-30 ml per 1 l of water). Spray the treated surfaces at the rate of 1-2 liters per 10 sq. M. Before disinfection, thoroughly clean and wash surfaces. The treatment is carried out at an air temperature not lower than 0 ° C, closing the windows and doors.
The use of Pharmiod has a positive side effect - the containment of some pests (ticks, thrips, nematodes). When the air temperature during processing is more than 25 ° C, the fumigant effect is enhanced.
Precautionary measures. Hazard Class III. Working solution means 1% concentration does not have a local irritant effect, does not cause side effects.
Restrictions: during processing it is necessary to avoid contact of the working solution with bees and bumblebees.
Store at temperatures from -10 ° C to + 30 ° C. Shelf life: 2 years.
1% working solution of Farmod, protected from light, retains its activity throughout the year.
How to use the drug "Farmod"?
Did you know that iodine has long been used not only in the treatment of human diseases? Since childhood, we are accustomed to disinfect wounds and abrasions with this drug.
It turns out that iodine is still used in veterinary medicine and agricultural technology. Moreover, in these areas it is very important and performs many useful functions.
If for animals the use of iodine or its solution is somehow explicable, then why use it for plants?
The drug "Farmod" is an excellent antiseptic that destroys harmful microbes, viruses, bacteria and non-spore fungi. It is effective against pathological processes in animals and plants, as well as in their habitats and growth. Pure iodine is usually rarely used. More common special tool "Pharmaiod".
Description, composition and release form
Farmod has in its composition active iodine, on the basis of which the disinfectant functions of the drug are built. The percentage of the active substance is 10%, the rest is a non-ionic surfactant.
Pharmaiod - disinfectant antiseptic preparation extensive spectrum of action.
The drug is produced in glass or polymer containers of this volume: 50, 100, 500, 1000 and 5000 cubic meters. cm.
What is needed and where to apply: pharmacological properties
Now let's talk about how iodine, which is part of the drug and is its basis, works.
After treating plants with famaiod, pathogenic organisms that are in the radius of damage do not just get burned. The active substance, penetrating into the cells of parasites, inhibits enzyme systems and breaks the habitual cellular metabolism.
When iodine interacts with water in the cells, oxygen is released and strong oxidation occurs. As a result, the microorganism dies due to serious changes at the cellular level.
Pharmaiodine is used to treat plants from non-spore-forming fungi, microorganisms and bacteria. Also, the drug is treated with greenhouse and working tools to conduct high-quality disinfection.
How to apply: dose and method of application
Consider pharmaiodine dosage for different crops and talk about other uses.
Let's start with the fact that the drug is most often used not for plants. Acceptable price and good disinfectant qualities led to its use in animal husbandry. With the help of Farmod carry out the treatment of pigsties, poultry houses, disinfect warehouses, carry out prevention of viral diseases.
Disinfection of soil: add 10 ml of solution to 1 l of water. We water from a watering can. On 1 square. m. pour in about 2 liters of solution.
Processing farmoydom greenhouses and greenhouses. For 10 liters of water, 100 ml of Pharmaiode are taken and all parts of the structure are wiped. Consumption per 1 square. m. - 100-300 ml of solution.
Disinfection of warehouse. Before storing agricultural products, the room is disinfected with pharmamod solution (100 ml per 100 l of water).
Treatment of premises that contain livestock. Conduct a wet cleaning of the room with 1% solution of farmojoda. Consumption - 200-300 ml per square meter.
Treatment of wounds in animals. Used for cauterization and disinfection after childbirth or castration. Process 5% solution of the drug.
Let us return to the agricultural value of pharmaiodus and talk about the instructions for use on cucumbers.
Let's start with the soaking of seeds. Planting material for half an hour is immersed in a solution of farmod (1 ml per 200 ml of water). After that, the seeds must be washed under running water.
Processing at the stage of 2-4 sheets. We carry out a one-time spraying of the seedlings with farmod solution (3 ml per 10 l of water).
Further processing is carried out under the root (10 ml per 10 liters of water). Under each plant pours up to 0.5 liters of solution.
Now about the use of farmaioda on tomatoes.
Seed treatment is carried out by analogy with cucumbers with preservation of all dosages.
If a tomato has infected the disease at the stage of 5-7 true leaves, the culture can be sprayed with a solution of pharmamodus (1 ml per 2 liters of water) and make immunostimulating preparations.
Processing at the stage of flowering, budding and fruiting is carried out with a solution with the same concentration by analogy with the treatment of “adult” cucumbers (10 ml / 10 l, up to 500 per 1 bush).
Farmod used for spraying potatoes in the phase of flowering and budding. Spray the bushes 2-3 times with an interval of 10 days (4 ml per 10 liters of water). In addition to spraying, we introduce immunostimulants under the root.
Shelf life and storage conditions
Pharmamodio's shelf life is 5 years under the following conditions: temperature is from -5 to + 30˚С, humidity does not matter.
The drug Farmod has a lot of positive reviews, because it destroys a large range of harmful organisms and does not contaminate the treated areas with toxic chemicals. That is why it is popular not only among gardeners and gardeners, but also among veterinarians.