- Time does not tighten and does not strain the grower himself, everything can be done measuredly and thoroughly, while in the spring, in addition to flowers, attention should be paid to vegetable seedlings and the ground in the garden.
The cool air temperature in the autumn makes it easier to move the transplant plants. In the fall, pests and diseases disappear or reduce their numbers. The soil is still warm, the roots grow until the ground freezes. In the spring, plants do not grow until the soil warms up.
Plants root better and adapt to weather conditions and in the spring they are not so afraid of return frosts. If part of the crops die, it remains the strongest and strongest, able to resist diseases and pests. And in the spring you can get annoyed if there is a place left in the flower beds.
Planting bulbous autumn
The first candidates for the autumn planting are bulbous plants. First of all, because the spring-flowering bulbous need a period of cold dormancy for flowering.
Tulips can be planted until the end of October.
From late August to mid-September, you can plant:
- fritillary (hazel grouse)
At the end of September (after 20 numbers) comes the turn of tulips, lilies and daylilies.
Make sure that you buy bulbs in reliable sources - garden center, nursery or catalog with a proven reputation. Do not buy unsold poor quality bulbs with signs of rot, mildew or drying out. Second-grade material does not germinate, waste your money.
The depth of planting bulbs is determined by the specific type, if there is no certainty, the layer of powdered earth should be equal to the three diameters of the planted bulb. If the soil is heavy, heavily compacted with rain, be sure to add sand to the landing pit, but do not reduce the depth of planting.
If the weather is dry, the beds covered with earth should be watered abundantly and then mulched. As a mulch, use loose peat or leaf litter.
Hyacinths and tulips are planted in late September - early October, preferably not later than the first decade. Specific dates may vary depending on the region and weather, the general rule is to land when the average daily temperature is not lower than + 5C.
Planting bulbs to a depth of 15-17 cm, between bulbs 15-20 cm, it is better not to dig deep into the ground, even if they are large, but to mix with peat and cover it well with lapnik. Hyacinths are very sensitive to damp and cold - the bulbs easily rot. Therefore, you can cover the planting from rain with a greenhouse film, and if there are a few plants, you can turn the pelvis upside down.
In the spring, it will be necessary to timely remove the shelter from the thaws so that the landings will not be thrown out.
Tulips can be planted until the end of October, there is no need to cover them, they are not afraid of cold and rain. We also bury the tulips to a depth of no more than 3 diameters of the onion, the distance between them is 10 cm.
Planting perennials in the fall
Perennial flowers that are planted in the fall are quite diverse:
In early September, seedlings of forget-me-nots, daisies, viols (Pansies) are planted.
Seeds of these flowers are sown from late August - in September.They germinate amicably and do not pose any problems, only watering, weeding, and loosening are of care. Before frost, seedlings have time to get stronger and build a good root system. Plants go under the snow with green leaves, quietly overwinter, and in April, flowering begins.
Blooming garden in autumn
In early September, you can begin seating out and dividing perennials such as astilbe, hosts, Brunners, rhizomatous irises, lupins, daylilies.
Mother bushes gently dig in with pitchforks, trying to grab more land. Then pitchfork needs to be shaken, and when the free ground flies off, separate the bulbs or rhizomes.
For this procedure, you need to stock up means for disinfection and drying of scraps and sections. It is easiest to use crushed birch coal; colloidal powdered sulfur or ash will also work.
The need for watering seated perennials is dictated by the weather - if the ground is damp, do not water it on the day of transplant, wait until it dries out.
In September, phlox cuttings are rooted (in a jar of water, roots are fairly easy to give), they are also propagated by dividing gaylardii and rudbeckia. Dividing them is not difficult, they take root pretty easily.
Propagation of pions by rhizome division
The terms of dividing the old bushes of peonies are more extensive - you can start from the end of August, the whole of September at our disposal, if it is warm, then the beginning of October. At the dug bush it is necessary to cut off several parts of the rhizome so that each of them has 2-3 buds of renewal and a root not less than 10 cm long.
The treatment of rhizomes of a clay mash is very popular with gardeners - this means well protects against fungal diseases and rot. It is necessary to dilute the clay in water to a consistency of very liquid sour cream, as long as the solution adheres well to the roots. On the bucket talker add 1 tbsp. spoon (without top) of copper sulfate.
Transplanted rhizomes of pions should be watered and mulched with peat or straw.
Autumn - it's time to plant roses, purchased seedlings, rooted cuttings and cuttings.
In September, faded rose bushes are cut, and cutting can be used for cutting. For rooting, cut off the twigs, which were flowers - the strongest shoots. Each cutting should have 3-5 buds - internodes.
When planting any cuttings, make a pillow of coarse sand
In order for the cuttings of roses to settle down better, you need to cut some of the leaves (they spend moisture and food), leave 2-3 leaves. We put in a prepared rose garden, which is easy to cover. Cuttings do not need to be dried - right into the soil, sticking at a 45 degree angle.
The soil in the hole with rooted cuttings must be mixed in half with sand, and the cuttings on top cover with a jar (cut a plastic bottle, use the lower part).
A flower bed with cuttings should be covered with agrospanum and removed in spring, canned shelter should be left until early June, until the threat of frost is over.
Reproduction of aquilegia by dividing a bush
The division of aquilegistic bushes should be carried out no later than the first decade of September.
Aquilegia require careful handling, poorly tolerate injuries of the roots, so you need to dig a bush very carefully, better with a pitchfork. Trying not to shake the lump so that the roots do not break, spill it out of the watering can or from the hose, washing away the clods of earth.
In aquilegia, the root system is pivotal - a powerful, thick root, long, often twisted, with many small roots moving away from it. The only way to divide a bush is to cut the main root along into two parts, no more. In each half, cut the leaves (at a height of 5-7 cm from the base), leaving 1-2 of the youngest.
Root slices need to be powdered with colloidal sulfur or coal, this is a must!
The aquifilia delenki take root for a long time, preferably on a prepared flower garden to cover the flowers in the planting pit with a mixture of earth and sand in equal parts.
The main advantages of the autumn planting
Planting perennial flowers in the fall has several advantages. Among the main ones are:
- the plants have time to harden and become resistant to spring frosts,
- the root system has time to develop, and the flowers do not need frequent watering,
- the coolness helps the flowers to survive the planting much easier
- the number of pests in the autumn period is significantly reduced,
- possibility of purchasing planting material at a lower price,
- the soil is saturated with moisture due to the melting snow. Additional irrigation is not necessary
- there is more time to create flower beds and flower beds in the autumn period, since planting vegetables is not necessary,
- blooming of winter plants occurs about three weeks earlier than those that are planted in spring.
Selection of species and varieties
You can plant perennial flowers in autumn, as well as bulbous and annuals. It is noted that many varieties need to be grown in this way. Spring landing is undesirable for them. It is only necessary to choose the right grade, but there is a huge amount of them.
In order for flower beds to start playing with new colors in spring, you need to know in advance which perennials are planted in the fall. There are many of them:
- Oriental Poppy,
- Alpine aster,
The list is endless. It should be noted that for almost all perennials, planting in the autumn period is considered the best option.
Among the annual flowers, you can plant the following in the fall:
- fragrant reseda
- Chinese aster,
- keeled chrysanthemum,
- rcc poppy,
Preference is given to those varieties that are prone to reproduction by self-seeding.
In late August, it is already safe to begin planting small-bulb plants. This process can continue until mid-September. It’s just the right time to put crocuses, pushkinia, chionodoxes and scillae into the soil. After this comes the turn of daffodils, hyacinths and tulips. Ideally, their landing should be completed before October.
In the first autumn days there comes a favorable period for the planting of wild rose and lilac. It is already possible by dividing to arrange phlox, rudbeckia, delphiniums, lilies and lupins. In September, those perennials that bloom in early spring are engaged in planting.
If the flowers are planted in winter with seeds, this process begins a little later - in October, or even in early November. This is the optimal time for planting ornamental plants.
What is the autumn planting perennials
Some perennials can be planted even in slightly frozen soil, they are completely optional sun rays.
A prerequisite for planting many crops is the stratification (hardening) of seeds. When autumn plantings, this process occurs in a natural way. The sprouts sprouted from such seeds withstand weather tests. Youngsters, as a rule, are not afraid of the returning spring cold and even frost, which would be disastrous for seedlings grown in greenhouse conditions.
Flowers that are planted in the fall have other advantages:
- they begin to bloom about half a month earlier than those sown in spring, and retain their decorativeness throughout the season,
- their immunity is stronger, they are more resistant to diseases and pests,
- in the future do not require frequent transplants, like perennials grown in the traditional way (enough 1 time in 2-3 years),
- give high-quality planting material, obtained by dividing the plant into several parts,
- they are unpretentious in care.
A small minus can be considered that the consumption of seeds during autumn plantings is slightly higher than in spring. The fact is that as a result of stratification, nonviable seeds die.However, to solve this problem, greatly deepening the seeds in the soil, it is not worth it - it does not protect them from frost, but in the spring it will impede the progress of the sprouts to the sun.
What perennial flowers can be planted in the fall: 7 best options
To the fact that ornamental bulbous and shrubby crops are planted in autumn, gardeners have long been accustomed. The fact that perennials can be grown in a similar way without springing up window sills in spring with containers with seedlings is a pleasant discovery for many. The main thing is not to be mistaken with the dates of planting in the country: in central Russia it is usually mid-November, in the southern regions - the end of the month, in the north - its beginning. Depending on the vagaries of the weather may change the schedule. It is important not only to know which flowers are planted in the fall, but also to take into account the characteristics of their planting and cultivation, as well as to take into account the time that will have to be spent on caring for them.
Asters differ not only in terms of flowering and height, but also in the structure of flowers - they are rose-shaped, peony-like, chrysanthemum-like
This culture in ornamental horticulture is striking in its diversity of species; however, early-flowering varieties, for example, alpine aster, are best suited for autumn plantings (it is customary to plant late-flowering varieties in spring).
Seeds are sown in November. Mandatory landing condition - frozen land. Sometimes perennial asters are sown even in early December, right in the snow. In order for spring shoots to appear, it is impossible to deepen the seeds by more than 0.5 cm into the soil.
For a successful growth, compliance with a number of conditions is required: moisture should not stagnate at the site, otherwise the roots will begin to rot, and the place should be sufficiently sunny - asters will die in the shade.
The flowering of early varieties that were sown in the fall begins in May-June (2-3 weeks earlier than the spring plantings). If seeds of late-flowering plants were used for planting, flowering will occur in September-November.
Spring care is thinning: if the shoots are very active, some of them will have to be removed - asters will bloom magnificently and brightly if the distance between them is 20–30 cm. Also, watering may be needed when the moisture formed after the snow melts . If a dense crust forms on the soil surface, it must be loosened. During the growing season, the flowers will need regular weeding, and once a season you need to feed with complex mineral fertilizer.
In late autumn, experts recommend also planning the reproduction of perennial asters with the help of seedlings - on the eve of winter, they are planted in a permanent place. Flowers have time to root well, provided that the soil for them was prepared 2-3 weeks before planting, and the place is sunny.
Growing delphinium from seed is much cheaper and easier than buying ready-made planting material.
Sub-winter planting is a smart decision for those who would like these flowers to bloom in May or early June. This is especially important for the delphinium, because then the plant has a chance to please the gardener with repeated flowering in the fall (provided that the “first wave” flower stalks were cut off).
Depending on the nature of the autumn weather, delphinium seeds are sown in open ground in October or November. They are sprinkled with a thin layer of a mixture of peat and sand and covered with fir branches for the winter, however, the survival rate of seedlings will still be somewhat lower than after spring planting. In this regard, experts recommend in the fall to increase the amount of seeds consumed by 20-30%. The shoots will be strong and friendly, provided that the solar plot was chosen, and the soil is well prepared - dug up and fertilized.
In September, the delphiniums are propagated by dividing the rhizome. In plants aged 3-4 years, it is cut into 7-10 parts.Obligatory condition - the presence on each part of the kidneys, or at least one escape. The plant tolerates winter well and blooms profusely in June.
In the care of the delphiniums unpretentious, but watering, especially during dry seasons, is important for them.
To shrubs bloom longer, from the flowering shoots need to get rid of with a knife
This plant is propagated by delenki, and, as a rule, in the fall. In the spring, the peony is not yet ready for this procedure - its root system is depleted, since all the power of the plant is spent on building up green mass and forming buds. In addition, after such manipulations, the pion still does not have time to bloom in the beginning season.
If reproduction by delenkami occurs in the fall (in the middle lane - in early September), the first inflorescences will appear in May. September for the formation of new bushes of pions is good because the heat ends, nighttime temperatures are significantly different from daytime (the plant is hardened), it rains more often, which has a beneficial effect on the soil condition.
In different regions, the timing of these works are slightly different:
- in Siberia, the period from August 20 to September 20 is considered optimal,
- in the Urals - from August 20 to the end of September,
- in the Volga region and the Moscow region - from the end of August to the end of September.
The main condition is that before the onset of cold weather there should be 35–45 days. This time is enough for the peony to grow additional roots and firmly hardened in the ground. Tightening the timing is fraught with the fact that a poorly rooted plant from winter will come out with a weakened immune system and will not be able to resist pests and diseases.
Caring for a newly planted plant provides watering up to 10 liters per bush. In the future, rains help to solve the problem, but if the autumn is dry, the plant may need 2-3 watering before the onset of winter. Top dressing is not needed only if fertilizers were applied to the soil at the stage of preparation for planting. In any case, nitrogen is contraindicated to pion at this time - this fertilizer activates the growth of green shoots, which is highly undesirable in the run-up to winter.
Those who plan to multiply this flower with seeds that ripen in boxes at the site of the former bud, it is recommended to abandon the idea. Peony varietal peculiarities are often not saved, and it will take at least five years to wait for flowering.
Bushes should be planted in such a way that at the end of growth, plantings are closed: the primrose has a negative attitude towards excess space
Gardeners love primroses for being among the first to decorate flowerbeds with bright colors. To start flowering in May, sowing of seeds is carried out in open ground in autumn (in the middle lane - at the end of September). The seeds are buried to a minimum of 0.5 cm, planting covers to protect from severe frosts in winter.
The conditions under which you can count on the successful growth of future plants - well-chosen place of planting (primroses like penumbra), fertility and sufficient soil moisture.
If planting flowers planned for registration of rock garden, you should avoid the south side.
If it is required not planting, but transplanting plants, then in the autumn this operation should be managed in late September or October so that the primula has enough time to root before the onset of cold weather, otherwise the winter will become disastrous for it. In this case, it is easier for residents of the southern regions, they have more time.
The division of the bushes also carried out in the autumn, after the completion of the flowering phase. Young plants are recommended to cover, without waiting for the onset of severe cold.
During the purchase of planting material, you need to pay attention to the presence of up to 5 correctly painted shoots, whose length reaches about 6 cm
Phloxes are usually propagated by cuttings, since they root well, and this is best done in the fall: spring plantings postpone flowering for a whole year, and “autumn” will bloom next summer.
In the old days in Russia, phloxes were called "sitchik."
More precisely, the planting dates are determined depending on the flower varieties: early and medium-early form the so-called “renewal buds” by the end of August. This means that the plant can already be propagated. For late varieties of phlox, this period is postponed to the second decade of September. In any case, work on the reproduction and transplantation of bushes should be completed by mid-October, so that young plants are not affected by frost. Rooting of cuttings usually takes 30–40 days.
Phlox planted in autumn requires minimal care, even watering is usually not needed, as the plant provides autumn rains with moisture. But fertilizing will be the way - a complex fertilizer mixed with ash and scattered over frozen ground. In the spring of planting, water is poured with mineral fertilizer diluted in it, thanks to which the flowering becomes richer and its duration is long.
Planted in the fall of the plant protect against frost by mulching - sawdust, peat. In the spring, as soon as the snow melts, mulch is immediately removed.
Astilbe looks especially impressive against the background of ferns and in the shade of coniferous plants, but single plantings are possible.
This beautiful plant, flowering from June to August, best reproduces by dividing the bush. It is recommended to carry out the work in autumn, when the average daily temperature does not fall below +5 o C for 2-3 weeks. In central Russia, the beginning of September is considered to be a suitable time for planting astilbe.
Flowering begins as early as next summer (in the second half), but experts recommend not to allow this, cut off the emerging flower stalks. Unpopular "surgical" measures have to be taken because an insufficiently strengthened plant sometimes dies, giving the flowers all their strength.
Another feature of this culture is the growth of the root system in the form of an island that rises above the level of the soil. This seriously weakens the plant, so an astilbe needs a transplant every 4–5 years. It is carried out in early September, with a large bush divided into several small ones. If work is postponed at a later date, the soil around the fresh plantings must be mulched with sawdust, straw, or fir spruce branches so that the plants will successfully survive the winter cold.
Astilba care usually comes down to watering: as soon as it receives less water, the inflorescences become small, the leaves wither.
Astilba comfortably carries cold Russian winters (down to –37 ° C), practically does not get sick, and garden pests are not particularly interested in it.
Loosestrife life with proper care is more than 10 years
The plant, in recent years, gaining popularity with gardeners, usually propagated by seed or vegetatively. Both are usually done in the fall, but preference is still given to the second method, and this is why: the plant grown from seeds starts to bloom only in the third year. During vegetative propagation by dividing the bush flowers appear at the beginning of the nearest June and continue to delight with bright colors until mid-August.
China is the birthplace of the pluller, where you can find more than 70 species of this flower.
Landing operations are carried out in September-October. To make the plant better prepared for winter, there should not be young leaves on it at the time of planting. If a new bush is transplanted to the new place, without dividing it into several, you need to take care that the prepared hole is deeper than the previous one. This is a necessary condition for the flowering not to be late, and it began as early as next year.
Other conditions under which a collar will long retain its decorative effect are fertile land and rather high soil moisture. But he is not afraid of the winter cold, and he does not need to cover the flowers.
Having mastered the autumn planting of perennials in various ways, the gardener ensures that he does not spend time in the spring growing seedlings, and at the very beginning of the season has beds with strong plants that have been hardened by the winter cold. They do not need to adapt in the open field, they have enough strength to start flowering earlier than it happens during spring planting.
What flowers can be planted in the fall
Seeds are usually sown before winter when the first frost hits. The soil should be fertilized and loosened. These plantings bloom in two years, but there are exceptions: the delphinium, for example, may already blossom in the first year.
Of this disease, before starting flowering, treat the bush with Topaz 2 times, and after flowering, with a solution of blue vitriol, spreading 50g of the drug into 10 liters of water.
Although perennial aster is considered an unpretentious plant, but knowing the peculiarities of its cultivation, it is possible to achieve more abundant flowering.
Hyacinths - the plant begins to bloom in April. There are more than 30 varieties, which differ not only in color but also in shape.
What flowers to sow in autumn
Many garden flowers breed with seeds that require stratification - they need to lie in the cold at sub-zero temperatures (or close to zero), we often buy seeds in the spring and keep in the fridge for 2-3 months. But you can sow the same seeds (purchased or collected from their flowers) before winter.
In terms of timing, it is important to guess the weather so that stable frosts are established, otherwise some of the seeds may germinate, but weak sprouts will die by the winter.
Under winter sow flowers such as alyssum, Columbines, asters, Ligularia, cornflowers, Heuchera, godetsiyu carnations, cloves kutayskuyu, Delphinium, ornamental onions, dimorfoteku, Iberis, calendula, Clark, Cosmo, kohiyu, Globe, lavateru, lavender, snapdragon, mallow, poppy, hellebore, martin root, nigella sowing, primula, peonies, feverfew, podophyllum, orebeckia, eryngolo, fragrant tobacco, phytolacca, phloxes, chrysanthemums, escholcium, echinacea, etc.
Features of landing in the winter
Planting flower crops in winter can be done in several ways:
- shoots and cuttings
Regardless of the option chosen at the preparatory stage, the soil is loosened and fertilized. Due to such manipulations, losses are minimized.
It is imperative that a colorful and harmonious picture be created on the planted flowerbed. To do this, follow a number of rules:
- stunted species are planted in the foreground, and tall ones behind,
- border flowers are placed along the paths,
- Be sure to take into account the color scheme.
Only after all these points have been taken into account, you can safely proceed to the implementation of the main works.
We form a flower bed
Autumn sowing of flowers will allow you to accelerate flowering next year for a couple of weeks, or even a month. Especially if in the spring you cover the beds planted with autumn with arcs of foil. First of all it refers to annual flowers and vegetables.
If you want your garden to bloom with bright colors with the beginning of spring, then you should take care of this in advance. From the end of August, you can begin to decorate your future lush garden. What flowers to plant in the fall? It can be all bulbous, shrub (ornamental and fruitful), perennials and biennial plants.
Cornflower - a large selection of flowers, blooms from late June to August, single flowers. Such flowers like the sun, frost-resistant, tolerate drought well.
Be careful when drawing up a color composition, on what colors you choose and how many, depends on the appearance of your garden.
If perennials propagate vegetatively, that is, divide the rhizomes, bushes, or plant cuttings and leaf layers, then the plants should first be rooted, and only then planted in the chosen place.
The most common problem of perennial asters is their yellowing during the period of bud formation, which is associated with the fungal disease Fusarium. Spraying of plants with a solution of the preparation “Baikal EM-1” helps in the fight against it.
Autumn sowing flower seeds
And some plants sprout better (friendlier) precisely after a long stratification, which naturally occurs in the case of autumn sowing of flower seeds.
In the fall, a large selection of various flower plants is presented in the shops. If you want to break a new flower bed, then select at once as many copies as you need. It is a little more difficult if you choose elite varieties, each such plant is expensive, so it makes sense to buy only a few pieces, and plant them in the rest of the territory next autumn by dividing.
The timing of planting seeds in the fall
Try not to combine many colors, it is better to take a few, but bright ones. This type will be much nicer than if you plant a lot of plants of different colors.
Mostly perennials are planted in spring, but it can be done in early autumn. The main condition - the land should not be frozen. Bulbs of spring flowers (tulips, crocuses, daffodils) are planted in the fall. And the bulbs of summer flowers - at the end of spring. Perennial flower bulbs tolerate small frosts well, winter in the ground. True, this does not apply to dahlias and kalam. They are dug up in the fall, and until spring they are stored in a cool place.
Planting perennial asters in your front gardens, you will provide your garden for 5 years with beautiful multi-colored flowers that do not require special care.
What flowers are planted in the fall with seeds?
. This is a very light-loving plant, so the cultivation of perennial asters is best done on ventilated, well-lit areas. It is not recommended to plant asters on the site after tulips, gladioli and carnations, but after calendula and tagges.
- Tulips. There are a large number of groups of tulips, which differ in color, shape and variety.
- Remarkably overwinter.
- It is important to bear in mind that in the process of stratification, weak seeds will die, so the seed consumption should be slightly higher than when sown in the heated spring soil. Watering crops is not necessary - for the germination of flowers enough moisture from the melting snow.
- During the warm autumn period, the roots of plants have time to settle well. Therefore, such a landing has many advantages. A gradual decrease in temperature and the subsequent wintering harden the plants and make them frost-resistant. Increased resistance to various diseases, formed a healthy, durable and deep enough root system. Even from a lack of moisture, such flowers will not die, which is very important when planting in the country, where watering is irregular. The general rule: landing should end at least a month before the start of frost.
- Gazania - very bright and attracting attention, there are about 40 species of such plants. At night, the flower is twisted. Drought-resistant, does not like too wet soil, for the winter it is necessary to transplant in a box and store in a warm room, as it can withstand frost only up to –5 degrees.
- Although perennial plants are considered unpretentious, but before planting it is necessary to carry out all measures to prepare the soil:
- There are perennial flowers, which should be planted at a specific time. For example, only at spring planting the catnip, lavender, anemone, autumn aster will take root. But peonies and poppies prefer autumn planting. Planting method depends on the type of flowers. For example, a tall egg pot that tends to grow cannot be planted often: three plants per square meter are enough.
- Without flowers, a garden is not a garden and a dacha is not a dacha. These plants create a world near the house, filled with bright colors, it is constantly changing and makes us again and again marvel at its magnificence. Therefore, if you do not have a blooming bed on the site, be sure to decorate your territory with it.
- Periwinkle - a short-growing flower, reaches a height of 20 centimeters, small flowers, blue. Remarkably grows in the shade.
- Do not require additional care.
- It is not necessary to close up the seeds very deeply - it does not protect against frost, but in spring, the soil, packed during the winter, forms a rather dense crust, through which the sprouts will not just break through.
- Already at the end of August, it is possible to plant small-bulbous plants - muscari. Landing may continue in the first two weeks of autumn. This time for gentle crocuses. They can add Scylla, Pushkinia and hionodoksu. In the second half of September, you can start planting daffodils, and after them - hyacinths. The most recent go tulips, it can be postponed until early October. If you still think, what bulb flowers to plant in the fall, then choose any of the options.
- Loosening - it is necessary to dig up the soil in the selected area; for some varieties, the depth of loosening is required up to 30 cm. Of course, there are plants that need to do more depth. If you plant perennial low-growing flowers to give, then for them (in most cases) a depth of no more than 20 cm is needed.
- Lavender, rudbeckia are middle-grown plants. On a square meter up to five saplings can coexist. Six to eight short-growing plants, such as young, periwinkle, can also count on a whole square meter. Beginning gardeners lurks such a danger: the seedlings at the time of planting look small and weak, really want to plant it closer to each other. Do not forget that the perennial plants quickly get stronger and grow, and for this they need space.
The range of colors is, of course, a matter of personal taste. Many, for example, choose perennial flowers for flowerbeds in the garden, they are attracted by the ability of plants to bloom almost all summer. Therefore, you will have to plant only beautiful perennials that bloom all summer, and then not to bother yourself with new plantings and digging the ground for several years. True, everything is not so simple: the period of flowering of most perennial flowers is two to three weeks, and then the petals are showered, and there are nondescript stems in place of luxurious flowerbeds.
- . Grow well on a loamy acid-neutral soil rich in humus, as they need nutrients and minerals.
- Adonis Amur - a short growing plant. Blooms yellow, red and pink small double flowers.
- Looks great throughout the warm season.
- Determining the exact time of sowing single and perennial flowers in the fall is not easy due to the variability and unpredictability of the weather. In addition, you should take into account the climatic features of the area where you live.
- In late August - early September, a favorable time comes for planting ornamental shrubs: lilac, wild rose. At the same time, blooming perennials are planted by dividing: phloxes, lupins, delphiniums. The most beautiful garden plants that can compete with roses - lilies - also need to be divided and planted in the golden autumn days.
- Lily of the valley - blooms with white flowers in May - June, the flowers look like bells, loves moisture, frost-resistant, loves penumbra.
- Removing weeds is very important, there are many types of weeds, the main ones are:
- If all of you planted the perennials too closely, very soon you will realize your mistake: one after another the plants will begin to weaken and die, and the stalks of the survivors will overlap each other.
- For this reason, creating a flower bed, you need to pick up the plants so that the process of interchange constantly occurs: a flower has blossomed - it is immediately closed by another one that is going to bloom. So you need to know and take into account the flowering time. That's when the country flower bed will delight with rainbow colors in spring, summer and autumn.
- The daylily is a tall flower that has a variety of colors: pink, orange, white, and so on.
- Can be used as a basis for creating flower gardens.
- In general, sowing can be done, after establishing a stable cold weather - so that the seeds do not germinate from heat and moisture.
- September is great for planting any perennials that bloom in early spring. One more luxurious decoration of the garden will be a peony, its large multi-colored buds open in early May, at this time against the background of smaller plants it is a real star. Rhizomes can be planted in whole or divided into several small ones. Consider that after dividing the peony does not bloom for the next year, so children should be planted in a separate nursery so that they do not spoil the overall picture of the flower bed.
- Lily of the valley
- Annual - such weeds can get to the site in different ways, for example with the help of wind, birds, animals or rain. With such weeds you can cope: it is necessary to clean the soil from them, dig, remove the remaining roots. This should be done on the plot throughout the season. Only next year it is recommended to plant the territory with perennial plants,
- But those who did everything when planting flowers correctly, in two years will have a flower bed on the site, pleasing the eye with luxurious blooms from early spring to late autumn.
- Beautiful flower bed of perennial flowers
Review of perennial flowers for giving with a photo and names
. It depends on the variety and the type, at what distance to plant asters: low varieties - 30-50 cm, medium - 50 - 80 cm, and tall and sprawling - 70 - 90 cm. The best period when it is possible to plant early-flowering perennial asters is autumn, and the late flowering is spring.
Pansies — a gentle, perennial flower that fascinates with its original shape and unusual combination of colors.
Growing perennial flowers is much cheaper, because during transplantation a plant can be divided into several parts to create new flower gardens.
What perennial flowers to choose?
- For the middle band, mid-November is considered a favorable time. In the northern regions, flowers are sown 1-2 weeks earlier, and in the south - a couple of weeks later.
- Autumn gardening is a real pleasure. The mild, warm weather and the smell of falling leaves create a special mood. At such moments, you want to create, plant flowers in a flower bed of the original form, or come up with a bright fence, and enjoy the result in spring.
- Euphorbia - blooms from May to July, it happens in the form of both shrubs and trees, the flowers are yellow. Drought-resistant, can grow in the sun and in partial shade, winter-resistant.
- Perennial - such weeds are very difficult to remove from the site, because they have a strong root system, simply cleaning the soil is not enough. Of course, you can get rid of them with chemicals, but they have a long duration, therefore, they will destroy not only the weeds, but also the plants growing in this area. Therefore, it is not recommended to plant perennials in the area where there are such weeds.
- What do we usually want to get from the dacha? A good harvest, many wonderful moments and emotions, a beautiful and well-kept garden!
- Although in the early days, bulb flowers create the spring look of a garden. The modest flowering of crocuses, forget-me-nots, primroses, muscari enlivens the picture, while other flowers are just gaining a green mass. All primroses differ in short stature, therefore their place is in the extreme row of the flower bed.
Peony is one of the spectacular tall flowers that look great not only at the summer cottage, but also in flower bouquets.
In order for the flower garden to please the whole warm season, you need to take care of this in the fall. Autumn is not time to faint, you need to work in the garden in order for flowering plants to please the eye.
- Drummond phlox,
- However, if you did not have time to start sowing during this period, do not be discouraged, this can be done later, the main thing is to have time before the time when the ground will be covered with permanent snow cover. In extreme cases, it is possible to sow flowers and vegetables even in January, right over the frozen ground. Of course, in this case, it is desirable that the bed be prepared (dug up and laid out) in advance, since it is very difficult to make the grooves in the frozen ground. The main thing is to cover the beds with soil or a substrate (use a mixture harvested from the fall or buy several packages of soil in the store). Additionally, beds can be insulated with dry wood shavings or needles, so that the seeds do not die in the cold (although this is not necessary).
Irises, daisies, carnations, forget-me-nots - each of these plants is the perfect decoration for your garden. Complete the picture of the host, primrose, tradescantia, bathing and many others. For breeding, you can use seeds, rhizomes or bulbs. The answer to the question of what perennial flowers are planted in the autumn can be unequivocally: any. A bright bag of seeds in the spring can turn into friendly shoots and magnificent flowering. The big plus is that the gardener does not have to grow seedlings in the windows early in the spring, and then plant them in the ground. The flowers themselves will sprout and grow in the space provided for them. But if you undertake to plant seeds, then you need to choose a later time. Around October, they will not be able to germinate.
The rules of planting perennial flowers
- Soil improvement - if your territory has a heavy, silty, impermeable soil, then it should be improved. It is recommended to dig up such soil and allow it to freeze in the winter, sprinkle with ashes, it is also recommended to ease and fertilize it with humus. During the disintegration of the need to add ash, sand, peat.
- Yes, so many would answer, but in the end, besides all the above, there is added a lot of work to take care of plants, and often you have to choose between basic plantings and a garden.
- Behind them the gentle dream-grass (Pulsatilla) is dismissed. It ottsvetat very quickly, but openwork leaves and fluffy fruits for a long time give it a decorative look.
Bloom in spring
Phlox paniculata - fragrant, bright, tall flower that pleases the eye with its diversity.
Planting perennial flowers can be of three types:
Annuals for sowing in the fall:
When you have chosen which flowers to plant in the fall, it's time to prepare a flower bed. It depends on how well the plant will overwinter and how it will bloom in spring. The soil must be excavated and fertilized in advance. Mixture for feeding can be prepared independently. To do this, for each square meter of soil it is necessary to take 40 g of potassium sulfate, the same amount of superphosphate and 20 g of ammonium nitrate. To the mixture, you must add a double portion of dry sand and just before planting, scatter it on the surface of the earth.
Perennial flowers for the garden, which bloom in late spring and all summer
Muscari - blooms in April - May, there are several species, the color depends on the plant variety. Do not tolerate strong moisture, drought-resistant, winter-resistant, can grow both in the sun and in partial shade.
In the first year it is necessary to fertilize the soil well.
Perennial flowers have many positive qualities.
Then it is time to open the baskets of yellow daisy (Doronicum Oriental). It will bloom throughout April, illuminating the flowerbed in bright yellow. At the same time, the first luxurious blossoms of tulips will decorate it with festive spots.
Lily - a gentle and incredibly cute flower. Buds are striking in their beauty. Capricious plant, susceptible to disease. But if you carefully care for it, the flower will give you chic flowers.
Care should be taken when feeding with organic fertilizer.Be sure to take well-rotted, otherwise the tubers can burn, and in those plants that grow in spring, inflorescences will be rare.
Too light sandy soil is recommended to mix with heavy, add high-quality compost and peat. Shallow rocky soil deepen, remove stones from it and add peat, leaf humus, compost,
You can find a compromise solution - to plant perennial flowers to give. Such plants have many positive qualities:
And in late April, the flower garden in the country will be covered with a delicate white lace of Caucasian arabis. This low perennial blooms luxuriantly, grows rapidly, so it is of great value for the design of borders.
Spring - time not only bulbous and primroses
Planting perennial flowers in the fall should take into account another point. Each of them has its own flowering period, after which they lose their decorative properties. To flower bed has not lost its bright appearance, a flowering calendar is required. Only in this way it is possible to plan the planting of plants, in which the flowering specimens will be replaced by the following, and the dry stems can be cut short.
Clematis - there are more than 230 species of such plants, terry is distinguished from all of them. It blooms from June to the first snow, the most full bloom occurs only in the 3rd or 4th year.
Perennials are good because there are a lot of them. But this is also a kind of minus, because it is very difficult to choose several types from this range.
Due to its ability to multiply, perennials give a large number of seedlings, so you have to spend money on planting material once,
In general, about perennials
. Respond well to fertilization at different periods of growth: spring - organic matter with mandatory mulching, with bud formation - phosphorus - potash or Energen stimulator, before flowering - fertilizer for flowering plants, and autumn - potassium and calcium, or use ash.
Hosta The flower has large leaves, which can be of different colors. Flowering stems are long, can reach 125 centimeters.
You need to clearly know what kind and growth of planting flowers. Stunted should be in the foreground, tall plants in the background.
Creating flower beds at their summer cottage is a pleasant and hard work. After all, it is necessary to carefully approach the choice of colors. Perennial flowers, blooming all summer - this is an ideal option and the dream of any grower. After all, such flowers easily endure harsh winters and do not need annual planting.
- To avoid diseases of flowers, you need to pickle the roots or bulbs in 2% solution of karbofos, you need to withstand the material in it for 30 minutes. After that, make a pink solution of manganese and let it lie for another half hour. In order for the bulb to overwinter normally, it must be immersed to a sufficient depth. It is easy to calculate: it is the height of the bulb itself, multiplied by three.
- Delphinium - varieties of such plants number more than 400, blooms from late June to August. Does not tolerate moisture, it is necessary to plant in those places where the least amount and strength of the wind.
- Adonis is a very beautiful flower, it has two kinds of colors - red and yellow, flowering period from May to June. Try to replant it in a rare case, growing slowly, winter-hardy.
Not so capricious, compared with annuals.
Perennial flowers for flowerbeds that bloom throughout the summer months are catnip, chamomile, garden geranium, some daylilies and roses. There are some plants that should be cut after the first flowering, feed them properly, and they will thank for repeated flowering! This sage oakwood, delphinium, errigon, lupine.
Asters can be propagated by seeds (only breeders can do it), cuttings and dividing the bush.But you need to know that the features of the variety (color, shape of flowers) are saved only when dividing the rhizomes.
Bell - if properly care for a flower, then it can bloom until the cold. The type and color of bells is diverse, so they can be found on almost every bed of the dacha.
Remember that curb flowers to place along the paths and paths.
It is easy to decorate the cottage with flowers. After all, there are a large number of flowers that do not require hassle during planting and care. It is necessary to choose and select the plants that will emphasize the originality and seasonal characteristics of the site. The dream is feasible, so you can admire the beauty of flowers from spring to autumn.
Necessary actions before landing
- After work, take a break. For planting seeds, the time has not come yet. In October, it will be enough to update the grooves and sow phlox, lupine, aquilegia and oriental poppy.
- And yet, perennial plants, like any other, require attention to themselves, proper planting, because each variety of flowers behaves differently. For example, such colors need a specially selected place, they will not grow anywhere.
- In this beautiful time, flower beds are decorated with chrysanthemums, asters, stonecrop, geleniums, coriopsis. Autumn flowers strike with deep, warm hues. And if this ensemble is supplemented with ornamental grass, an extraordinarily picturesque spectacle will turn out.
Choose perennial flowers that bloom all summer so that they are easy to care for. In order to create on the summer cottage a ball that will constantly bloom is not difficult. To do this, it is enough to plant from 8 to 10 varieties of perennial flowers that bloom at different times. This method will provide continuous flowering of your favorite and most beautiful flowers. You need to clearly define the range and you can start.
- Consider the colors, flowering time and harmony of each plant.
Flowers are a decoration for the dacha and pride of a grower. After all, the bright colors of flowering plants create comfort and harmony. The flower world is amazing diversity. Choose flowers for registration of the suburban area you need those that will delight the whole season with beauty and harmony.
List of the most beautiful perennials
- Even in central Russia it happens that bulbous plants do not come out from under the snow. The reason - the frequent change of weather conditions. Sharp thaws with subsequent frosts have become characteristic not only of autumn and spring periods, today even in winter it can rain and the air temperature will rise strongly. Awakened seeds and bulbs are likely to die during the next frost. To increase the chances of plants, a bed is covered with sawdust, dry grass, well covered with snow. Do not rush to wrap your landing. If the air temperature has not yet dropped below zero, this may cause premature plant development. The end of October is the perfect time. What kind of flowers to plant in the fall - depends on your taste and size of the site.
- Kalistegiy - refers to perennial winding flowers for gardening, reaches up to 4 m in height, winter-resistant, has pink flowers, blooms from late June to the end of the season, until the first frost. It is better to prepare the soil for this type of perennials in the fall, but the planting should be carried out after the final warming up of the soil - in May.
- So, you got an idea of when and how perennial flowers bloom for flower beds.
- Remember, almost every plant blooms for about 3 weeks. During this period, 2 or 3 plants may bloom, while creating a non-repeated flowering pattern on the flower garden. There are many perennial varieties of flowers that are resistant to pests and diseases. Thanks to the photo of perennial flowers you can understand in advance which flower will be in the process of flowering. This will help correctly and harmoniously make a flower bed or flower bed.
- Some gardeners prefer annual flowers, as they are unique in their colors. But many choose perennial flowers.
- The essence of planting perennial flowers is that they do not need to be seated often. They tend to grow for decades, but still, in order for your flowers to look neat, they need to be thinned, though not often, but still necessary.
- Plants that are planted in the penumbra or shade are very often exposed to such a disease as powdery mildew. For prophylaxis
- Crocuses - there are 4 species, the most popular are Dutch hybrids. All species bloom in different springtime, so plant all the varieties.
- In this article we will talk about planting flowers in the fall (seeds).
Colchicum - blooms late - in the fall. Looks like a very delicate flower, but actually poisonous. If you decide to plant it on your site, then wear gloves when planting and other care, as even the water in which it is located becomes poisonous.
Adding an article to a new collection
In the spring, work is in full swing, and every minute counts. Whether it is late autumn - time is enough and can be given to the design of the flower garden.Many annual flowers are well tolerated podzimny sowing, so choose plants and go to the country.
It is convenient to plant flowers for winter not only by the fact that you can do it slowly, having considered and marked out future flowerbeds, but also by the fact that the seedlings themselves turn out to be stronger than those sown in spring. Young plants, warmed by the spring sun, themselves choose the time for awakening, they grow densely and are less ill.
Where to plant flowers in the fall
Sowing flowers for the winter can be carried out immediately to the intended place of growth, and it is also possible in a special rassadny shkolka.
If you do not like to transplant annuals from place to place, prepare flower beds in the fall. To do this, weed, dig and burn the allotted area, then level it with a rake. On an even part of the edge of the chopper or flat cutter, mark the pattern of the future flower bed. Try to make it deep and clear, so as not to blur the autumn rains. When the pattern is ready, draw the holes for the seeds - they should be twice as deep as usual, since the earth will squeeze out and compacted over the winter.
Flowers can be sown immediately in their designated pots, but the pots themselves will have to be buried in the ground for the winter.
If you have not yet decided where your summer plantings will be located, sow flower seeds before winter on any selected ridge or in a greenhouse. In the open air, it is advisable to use high ridges, or at least fence them with the help of planks, so that the seeds do not wash away with autumn and spring precipitation, you can do without it in the greenhouse. Using polycarbonate, slate, plywood or curb tape, divide the beds into separate sections and stick them into each plastic plate with the name of the plant that you are sowing here. Leave the prepared ridges before stable frosts are established.
How to prepare the ground for flowers
Preparation of soil for autumn planting of annuals begins in late September - early October in the middle belt, and in early November - in the southern regions. If you have a warm, dry autumn, you can prepare the ridge at any convenient time. Of course, it is advisable to do this while the freezing temperature stays dry and stable outside.
In addition to the beds, you will have to prepare a substrate for filling seeds. It is also worth doing in the middle of autumn, before frost. You can mix garden soil with peat and sand (1: 2: 1), or you can buy ready-made substrate for seedlings - it will also work. Store the mixture preferably in the room so that it does not freeze and harden.
When a stable negative temperature comes, and there will be no thaws in the forecast for at least the next couple of weeks, start sowing. In autumn, seeds should be sown twice as thick as during spring planting. Sprinkle them through the frozen wells and cover with the mixture prepared in advance.
Flowers planted in autumn always bloom a couple of weeks earlier than the others, but if you want to bring even more riot of colors in your garden, in the spring, cover your crops with arcs and tighten with a film or dense spunbond - this will give you another 1-3 weeks odds.
Planting onion flowers in autumn is made on loose areas according to the following scheme:
- Soil dig in advance and about three days do not bother. During this time, the soil will settle, and planting material will fit tightly in it.
- The bed is also fertilized with over-ripe compost.
- Planting is made in September or October to a depth equal to the diameter of the three bulbs. Such deepening is done taking into account the fact that the material used for planting, by the spring will be more than three times.
When planting flowers before winter with seeds, one must first of all take into account that it will take up to one and a half times more planting material for sowing. This is due to the fact that severe frosts can lead to their partial death and sprouts appear in the spring less.
To sow flower seeds in the fall should be cooled or even frozen ground.If they are placed in a sufficiently warm soil, they will actively develop, hatch and sprout. This will lead to their inevitable death in the cold season.
Another important point to consider is the selection of a suitable site. If the climatic conditions are harsh, then you should choose a shaded area. Otherwise, under the scorching sunlight flower seeds will burn and die.
It is unacceptable to sow planting material in the valley. There is a risk that the spring thawed waters will wash it.
The main works are as follows:
- In September, you need to dig up the earth, and in the same period to make fertilizer in the soil.
- After the soil freezes, you can sow the seeds. They are placed thickly in the wells with a depth of 1-5 centimeters, depending on the size of the planting material.
- On top of the soil sprinkled with a mixture based on sand with peat or humus.
- So that the birds could not pull out the seeds, the soil is compacted.
- In order to adjust the optimum temperature, spruce spruce branches or fallen leaves are laid out on top.
This method of planting is allowed to use when growing annuals and perennials that have the ability to multiply by seed.
Cuttings and shoots
Gardeners often plant plants with seedlings. It is noted that they are better rooted in a well-moisturized, sour soil. The work is carried out according to the following scheme:
- The wells are prepared in advance, in which organic and mineral supplements are applied, but what about sand mixed with soddy soil.
- Following this, peat is placed in the recesses.
- The roots of the seedlings are shortened a little.
- When placed in the soil, the depth of the root collar is not produced.
- Planted seedlings abundantly watered and additionally mulch the soil with peat or humus.
When planting by cutting the course of work is as follows:
- The lateral processes are separated from the uterine bush. It is extremely important that each of the cuttings have leaves and roots.
- Each planting material is impregnated with a growth stimulator that promotes better rooting.
- The cuttings are placed in the soil, they are placed at an angle of about 45 degrees and covered on top with a can.
- In order to prevent the infestation of young plants with various diseases, the soil is treated using a foundation solution or phytosporin.
- Produced systematic watering.
- In order for rooting to take place as soon as possible, the soil is fed with fertilizers, which include potassium and phosphorus, with an interval of one week. Stop carrying out such manipulations closer to the frost.
Shelter flower planting for the winter
Flowers overwinter much better if they take care of their shelter in advance. These manipulations are made after a cold snap begins. At the same time, the earth is curling and mulching. After that, a nonwoven fabric is laid on the ground. It must be folded at least in a couple of layers and fixed using wire arcs.
The use of scrap materials is also allowed. The soil can be sprinkled with compost and covered with plastic boxes from above. A nonwoven material is placed over them, the ends of which are plentifully covered with earth. Due to this, the shelter will not fly off with a sharp wind blow.
To ensure timely germination and get strong plants, flower beds are covered with dry grass or sawdust. Snow is an excellent covering material.
It is extremely important to ensure that flower beds are not overly insulated. If the temperature is still above zero, early cover will lead to the start of the plant development process. Weak sprouts will not be able to withstand severe frosts. Despite all the efforts, the risks of their death will be quite high.
Among novice gardeners, there is a perception that only spring is suitable for planting flowers. In fact, there are many varieties that are recommended to be planted on the eve of winter.At the same time they take root easier and gladden with abundant flowering much earlier. The main thing is to take a responsible approach to the choice of crops and to comply with all agrotechnical standards when landing in the ground. Thanks to this, the flowers will be able to take root, prepare for the cold weather and easily survive them.
Advantages and negative aspects of the autumn planting
In the autumn planting of flowers on the flower bed there are certain advantages:
- Due to biological peculiarities, some perennial flowers require low temperature for successful germination and further development.
- Plants planted in the garden before winter undergo a kind of hardening, so they easily tolerate unexpected late frosts.
- Immunity in the past winter plants is very high. They are less likely to be attacked by pests.
- The root system in such flowers is much better developed than in the same species planted on a flower bed in spring. This allows them to survive the drought well.
- If you plant flowers in the fall, you can get the buds next spring.
- Seed in cold soil seeds undergo a natural stratification.
On top of that, the flowers planted in autumn always bloom a couple of weeks earlier than the same species planted in a flower bed in spring. But not everything is so smooth. In the pre-winter planting there are some downsides:
Tip Before you grow any of the plants on the site, you should try to study the information about it as much as possible.
Rhizomes of what perennials can be planted in the fall
In the fall, you can plant flowers, which at this time are able to give a good growth of the roots. These include:
The listed flowers will take root well before the ground freezes and, therefore, perezimuyut excellent winter.
In the third decade of September, plants are carefully dug up and, if necessary, divide the rhizomes. Inspect, and then remove the rotted and damaged areas. Sections are covered with coal. After such a revision, they are planted in prepared holes.
Small onions that grow in the axils of tiger and bulbous lilies are planted in the fall. Plants grown from them can bloom in a couple of years. Viola, Turkish carnation, daisies and other biennial flowers are also best planted in the fall. But this should be done in early September. The queen of flowers - the rose also prefers pre-winter planting. Even perennial bushes are allowed to replant exclusively in the fall. Most of the bulbous also belong to crops that require a sub-winter planting. These include:
Plant the flowers mentioned above, should be in the period from early September to mid-November. It should be borne in mind that until a severe frost should remain at least 2 weeks.
What perennials can sow
In winter, you can not only plant adult plants, but also sow seeds. But at the same time you need to select frost-resistant varieties. Suitable flowers such as:
Can be attributed to the perennials and those flowers, whose vegetation stretches for 2 years. This nemofila, mullein, bearded bell. Flowers are sown at the end of October or at the beginning of November, although this work can be carried out before the appearance of snow cover. But to prepare the grooves and the substrate for sprinkling crops should be in advance.
Flowers should be sown thicker and not as deep as in spring. The topsoil has the peculiarity of hardening during the winter and it will be difficult for deep-set sprouts to break through it.
Tip To speed up the already early budding, flowers sown in autumn should be covered with polyethylene in early spring. Thus, the flowers will show themselves in all their glory 1-2 weeks ahead of schedule.
What flowers to plant in the fall? Planting perennial flowers in autumn:
If you want your garden to bloom with bright colors with the beginning of spring, then you should take care of this in advance. From the end of August, you can begin to decorate your future lush garden.What flowers to plant in the fall? It can be all bulbous, shrub (ornamental and fruitful), perennials and biennial plants.
New landing or division
In the fall, a large selection of various flower plants is presented in the shops. If you want to break a new flower bed, then select at once as many copies as you need. It is a little more difficult if you chose elite varieties, each such plant is expensive, so it makes sense to buy only a few pieces, and plant them in the rest of the territory next fall.
When you have chosen which flowers to plant in the fall, it's time to prepare a flower bed. It depends on how well the plant will overwinter and how it will bloom in spring. The soil must be excavated and fertilized in advance.
Mixture for feeding can be prepared independently. To do this, for each square meter of soil it is necessary to take 40 g of potassium sulfate, the same amount of superphosphate and 20 g of ammonium nitrate.
To the mixture, you must add a double portion of dry sand and just before planting, scatter it on the surface of the earth.
Care should be taken when feeding with organic fertilizer. Be sure to take well-rotted, otherwise the tubers can burn, and in those plants that grow in spring, inflorescences will be rare.
Save the landing from bad weather
Even in central Russia it happens that bulbous plants do not come out from under the snow. The reason - the frequent change of weather conditions. Sharp thaws with subsequent frosts have become characteristic not only of autumn and spring periods, today even in winter it can rain and the air temperature will rise strongly.
Awakened seeds and bulbs are likely to die during the next frost. To increase the chances of plants, a bed is covered with sawdust, dry grass, well covered with snow. Do not rush to wrap your landing. If the air temperature has not yet dropped below zero, this may cause premature plant development. The end of October is the perfect time.
What kind of flowers to plant in the fall - depends on your taste and size of the site.
What flowers can and should be planted in the fall
Not all flowers are better to plant in spring. For most preferred autumn planting. Why? Firstly, according to biological features: for many perennials for the subsequent successful start, the cold is simply necessary. These are primarily those that begin to emerge very early.
And secondly, any plants planted in the autumn undergo a kind of hardening, adaptation to the conditions of the garden. They grow stronger and healthier than those planted in the spring, they have stronger immunity, they are less likely to be affected by diseases and pests.
So what kind of flowers can and should be planted in the fall? They are planted in parts of rhizome. no later than the beginning of October. In this case, you should pay attention to the trimmed stems, tubules.
Your task is to ensure that water does not get into them, otherwise the rhizome may rot in cold and wet weather (this often occurs in newly planted or transplanted plants). So it is better to roll hemp with lutrasil slices.
If you have shared your delphinium, it will bloom as early as next season.
And if purchased planting material in the store, the flowering will be extremely modest. It may not be at all in the first year, but this is normal. General rules for planting and care can be found in the publication Meet Delphinium?
But the thickening they are quite well tolerated. Dug curtains break open hands and sit on new places. Newly planted or transplanted lupins will bloom as early as next season. You can get to know them closer thanks to the articles by Lupine - “The Wolf Flower” and Lupins - the lush decoration of the garden.
Peonies are divided, simply chopping with a shovel. In any case, it is better to sprinkle with coal, if the weather is rainy.
Be sure to need good drainage. Add sand to the soil during planting.If you have divided the plant from your garden, it may not bloom in a season, in this case, wait for flowering only after a year.
But the newly acquired will surely please you, although there will be few colors. The nuances of the autumn planting of pions are described in detail in the new article Peonies ask for planting.
The following publications will help you to get acquainted with different types and varieties, choose the most fragrant and hardy, and also learn the secrets of peony care:
Digging up or sharing hosts is not as easy as it sounds! They form such a powerful “turf”, which is difficult even to cut. But on the other hand, you can get several plants from one plant, and they will be taken without problems. The details of the process are described step by step in the article Step by Step: Selecting and Planting the Host and in the Host Movie: Video on Planting, Care and Reproduction. Well, you can put them in any place, except open solar - this host does not like. No wonder it is called the "queen of the shadow" or "the queen of the shady garden." Or maybe you will be able to find "gifts from the hosts" - small plants that have grown themselves next to large ones? Transplant such "kids" is not difficult, they have so far small roots. Astilba better transplant or plant in SeptemberOctober is already cold for her. For information on how to do this, read the articles in Astilba: planting, growing, care and Step by Step: choose and plant astilba.
Leaves purchased astilba after planting do not cut, but after transplanting his own - it is better to cut. If you bought a rhizome, then after planting, warm this place with compost and fallen leaves.
Phlox - welcome guests for any flower garden! Replace and plant them can be "late." There are no problems with them: you can divide the curtain with a shovel or disassemble it by hand. Before digging up phlox, you need to cut them (then it will be more convenient to work with them).
If you bought a rhizome, it is not necessary to warm the place after landing. How to prepare a landing pit and plant flowers on a permanent place, shown in the video Floksa: video about summer planting and care.
Dicentra can also be planted until late autumn. It is better to cut the bush before digging or dividing.
Well, it is better to plant them in the shade or partial shade. If the soil in this place is clay-like, add a little sand to the hole, and cover the root sections with coal. The publication of Dicentre - broken heart - planting and care and the New plant in my garden: the beautiful center of Aurora will help you to learn more about these wonderful flowers.
Rudbeckia prefers sunny places and usually “runs away” far beyond the limits of the flower bed, breeding by self-sowing. So you will find many of its seedlings in your own garden.
When planting in the autumn it is better not to cut it. Read more about the types and varieties, as well as about planting and caring for rudbeckia in the article Rudbeckia - the sun in the garden.
The pinewood spot by the fall has probably grown so magnificently that it has begun to push its neighbors along the flowerbed, and it’s time to share it right now. Curtain enough to chop with a shovel and move to a new place. The timing of the transplant is not necessarily the earliest, in early october it's not too late do it.
Nivyanik, or garden chamomile, although very easy to maintain, does not always take root during spring planting. And all because he needs a cold period. Propagated by dividing the rhizomes of their plants or planting purchased. But they are mainly sold in spring, but in the fall, most likely, they will be delenki. The upper part (green) is better to cut. The main thing - that the landing site was not too wet. And, of course, it should be sunny. In addition to the nivyanik (the well-known white chamomile), there are also colored “chamomiles” - pyrethrum, their flowers are smaller, but they are very bright. Feverfew can be planted in the spring, but when it is planted in spring, it will only bloom next year. He loves the sun, but the soil can be any, but quite loose. The best landing time is the end of September. Primula is most often sold in pots, so that its landing is very simple. It is better not to cut it for the winter.Plant a primula in partial shade or in the sun, where wet and nutritious soil. Several articles to help fans of these charming creatures:
Brunner likes shade or partial shade and moist soil. The flowers are like forget-me-nots, the leaves are wide, they are especially beautiful in variegated brunners of large-leaved varieties.
Unlike the well-known brunners, its variegated forms are not so aggressive. If you plant a white brunner in the fall, it will release the leaves early and will bloom this spring. And if in the spring, then you need to ensure that it is not "suppressed" by the nearby plants, and it will hardly bloom. Step-by-step instructions on planting you will find in the material: we plant brunner.
Perennial asters have many varieties. In late spring and early summer, Alpine aster blooms, 25-30 cm tall. Italian aster blooms all summer, this plant is of medium height, 40-60 cm. Well, at the end of summer New England and New Belgian asters begin to bloom, and they bloom until frost ( until November). In general, perennial asters have a wide range of colors: white, yellow, blue, pink, red, lilac, purple. Consider this when choosing places for their landing.
But they all have one breeding principle: division every 3-4 yearswhen the bush starts to bare from the inside. Plants need to dig up, divide the roots and transplant to a new place. It needs to be done in the autumnsince they like cold. Features of growing different types of asters are described in the article Perennial Asters - Stars of the Autumn Garden.
Geicher can be planted in the sun or in partial shade, as they are good with leaves, not flowers. But if you bought a variety with cherry leaves, then they will get the brightest color after all in the sun. When transplanting it is better to disassemble the rhizomes with your hands and immediately cut the stems with leaves. This flower loves the sun. It often multiplies by self-sowing, so that, in addition to the division of the rhizomes, small plants can be dug and transplanted to the right place.
Large poppy delenki need to be cut and insulated with a compost site. But small seedlings are better just to warm, and with pruning wait until spring. Macy publications will help you choose varieties - the delicate charm of the fields. Planting, growing, care and poppies are “fiery” greetings in the front garden.
Attention: to save yourself from possible troubles, before choosing the types and varieties of poppies for your flower garden, look at the article Poppies in the garden - a dangerous beauty!
Garden Yarrow is absolutely unpretentious, but loves the cold. That is why sometimes there are cases of failures during its spring planting, especially if you plant a red yarrow. In the autumn, it doesn’t matter exactly how to divide it, only the landing site matters: it must be sunny. There are many kinds of carnations, but they have a common method of reproduction. Carnations are propagated by dividing clumps, without cutting the stems. Make it better in spring. Well, the pink and pink carnations are not cut at all. Chistek (or “sheep ears”) manifests all its beauty in gray fluffy leaves, it blooms inconspicuously. Simply separate several clumps with a shovel and transfer them to new places. At the same time avoid thickened plantings: the plant should be located at some distance from the "neighbors".
Even small pieces of the rhizomes of Chistavia grow powerfully. He needs a sunny place without stagnant water, and any soil will do. Never do not try to cut it, even if it seems that many leaves are dried. The plant will lose a lot of juice and may die.
In addition, in the fall you can sow biennials (Turkish carnation, forget-me-not, aquilegia, stock-rose). But it is better not to risk the sowing of summer pilots under the winter, even if the opposite is asserted somewhere: it is not winter now, the climate is not changing for the better.
With the planting of chrysanthemums, bluebells, varietal daylilies (yes!), Irises, stonecrops, young, ground-covering "Alpine" (obrieta, awl phlox, armory) and spicy herbs (except for hyssop) are also better to wait until spring.But this is for the middle band and the northern regions. But in the southern regions of Russia, these flowers can be planted now. In the fall, most bulbous flowers are planted. But the conversation about them will be special.
If you didn’t find plants that interest you in this collection, look at the article How long can you plant perennials in the fall? Or ask a question in the section Flowers and flowerbeds.
And what flowers will you plant and transplant this fall?